Monthly Archives: September 2015



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Catharine Helena JAY’s Grandfather of course had been very much involved in the Colonies separation from England and the development of our Democracy. JOHN JAY had married Sarah LIVINGSTON, a daughter of the then Governor of New Jersey, William LIVINGSTON He was one of the early patriots and revolutionary founders of this country. During the Revolution he had been sent to Spain to try and negotiate support from the wealthy Spanish crown, then had gone to Paris to negotiate with Benjamin Franklin and Henry Laurens the peace treaty with the English, had return, been made Chief Justice of the new court by George Washington and then negotiated another unpopular treaty with England, and ended as Governor of New York and worked to pass the ratification of the new Constitution while Governor.

Their oldest son, Peter Augustus Jay, who married Mary Rutherfurd Clarkson, became a successful lawyer in New York City. They had eight children, four daughters of whom Catharine was the third. Peter Augustus Jay (January 24, 1776 – February 22, 1843) was the eldest son of New York’s only native Founding Father, John Jay. Peter was one of 6 children born to John Jay and Sarah Livingston Jay, and one of 2 boys (brother William was born in 1789) with 4 sisters: Susan (born and died in 1780); Maria (b. 1782), Ann (b. 1783) and Sarah Louisa (b. 1792)

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Peter Augustus Jay was born at “Liberty Hall,” in 1776, at the home of his grandparents’, the Livingstons, in Elizabethtown, New Jersey. Like his father, he graduated from King’s College, the precursor of Columbia University. Notably following his graduation in 1794, Peter Augustus acted as private secretary to his father in London for the Jay Treaty.[1] The young Jay studied law and established a practice in New York City with his cousin Peter Jay Munro, carrying on a family tradition of public service. He married Mary Rutherfurd Clarkson, daughter of General Matthew Clarkson, in 1807 [2 ][3 ] and they had 8 children. From 1812 – 1817, Peter Augustus Jay helped found the Bank for Savings (thereby contributing to the establishment of the New York State savings bank system). As a Federalist, he was a member from New York City of the New York State Assembly in 1816, during which time he was active in arranging the financing for the construction of the Erie Canal. He ran many times for Congress, but was always defeated by the Democratic-Republican candidates. From 1819 to 1821, he was Recorder of New York City. He was a delegate from Westchester Co. to the New York State Constitutional Convention of 1821. He helped found the New York Law Institute in 1828, which today is the oldest law library in New York City. Jay was President of New York Hospital (1827-1833), Chairman of the Board of Trustees, King’s College and President of the New York Historical Society (1840-1842). [4] For a time he was also a Westchester County Judge.[5]


The Rye House: Under his father’s aegis, Peter Augustus installed European styled stone ha-has on the property and planted elm trees. His father John Jay died in 1829. In 1836, Peter Augustus contracted with a builder, Edwin Bishop, to take down the failing farmhouse that had been barraged by the British during the Revolutionary War. Reusing structural elements from “The Locusts” where his father grew up as a boy, Peter Augustus Jay helped create the Greek Revivalmansion that stands there today. Unfortunately his wife Mary would not live to see the house completed, as she died in Madeira on December 24, 1838. Peter Augustus Jay died in 1843 and the Rye house passed to his son, John Clarkson Jay.[8

Mary Rutherford CLARKSON’s father, Matthew Clarkson (October 17, 1758 – April 25, 1825) was an American Revolutionary War soldier and a politician in New York State. The town of Clarkson in Western New York was named after him. He was a great uncle of Thomas S. Clarkson, a member of the family who founded Clarkson University. Matthew Clarkson was born October 17, 1758 in New York to David and Elizabeth Clarkson. He was the great-great-grandson of Reverend David Clarkson (1622–1686), a notable Puritan clergyman in Yorkshire, England, whose sermons included “The Doctrine of Justification is Dangerously Corrupted by the Roman Church.” His great-grandfather was Matthew Clarkson who came to New York from England in 1690 as Secretary of the Province. He married Mary Rutherford on May 24, 1785, and Sarah Cornell on February 14, 1792. Clarkson died April 25, 1825.


He served in the Revolutionary War, first on Long Island, subsequently under Benedict Arnold. He was at Saratoga and, later, on the staff of General Benjamin Lincoln, was present at the surrender of Burgoyne at Savannah (1779) and at the defense of Charleston (1780). He was also present at the surrender of Cornwallis. After the war, Clarkson was commissioned brigadier general of militia of Kings and Queens Counties in June 1786 and Major General of the Southern District of New York in March 1798. [edit]Political service When the war ended, Lincoln became Secretary of War and Clarkson became his assistant. He served as a member of the New York State Assembly for one term (1789–1790) and introduced a bill for the gradual abolition of slavery in the State. As a Regent of the University of the State of New York he was presented at the court of French King Louis XVI. He served as U.S. Marshal (1791–1792), State Senator 1794-1795, a member of the commission to build a new prison 1796-1797 and President of the New York (City) Hospital (1799). In 1802, Clarkson was the Federalist candidate for U.S. Senator from New York but was defeated by DeWitt Clinton. He was President of the Bank of New York from 1804 until his death in 1825. [edit]Town of Clarkson On April 2, 1819, the town of Clarkson was established by the New York State Legislature and named in honor of General Clarkson. Although there is no evidence that he ever lived in Western New York, he reportedly owned a sizable amount of land there, and he gave 100 acres (405,000 m²) to the town.

Children of Henry Augustus Du BOIS and Catharine Helena JAY
1. Col. Cornelius Jay DuBois, M.D., b. N. Y. City, Aug. 31, 1836; d. New Haven, Conn., Feb. 11, 1880
2. Peter A. Jay DuBois, b. Madiera, Spain Feb. 23, 1839; d. June 3, 1839. 3430.
3. Major Henry A. DuBois, Jr., M.D., b NY City. June 26, 1840; m. Emily M. Blois. He was Surgeon in regular army, and served in Civil War. They had 4 children.
4. John Jay Dubois, b.Newton Falls, June 6, 1846; d. Nov. 11, 1898. 3432.
5. Augustus Jay DuBois, b. Newton Falls Apr. 22, 1849; m. Adeline Blakeslee.
6. Alfred Wagstaff Dubois, b. Newton Falls Dec. 30, 1852. d. 17 May 1900 m Anna M Lictenberg
7. Mary Rutherford Dubois, b.NY City May 22, 1854. d Nov 6, 1919
8. Robert Ogden Dubois, b New Haven CT Jan. 19, 1860; d. Mar. 9, 1895; m. ■, Alice Mason. They had three children



Col. Cornelius Jay DuBois, M.D., b. N. Y. City, Aug. 31, 1836; d. New Haven, Conn., Feb. 11, 1880. Grad. Columbia Law School in 1861; on outbreak of Civil War went to Washington with 7th Reg1t; recruited Co. D. 27th Conn. Vols, at New Haven and was made Capt.; served under Gen. Hancock in Zooks1s Brigade at Aquia Creek, Falmouth, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville; was severely wounded at Gettysburg, July 2, 1863; rescued by brother, Dr. Henry A. DuBois3430, Ass1t Surgeon reg. army, but never fully recovered from wound; Gen. Hancock testified to his father there was never a more gallant charge, and Col. Brook said there never was a more gallant soldier in the army than Capt. DuBois. After partial recovery he became Adjutant of 20th Conn. Vols., and served under Hooker and Sherman in Georgia; in battle of Resaca, he seized colors from wounded bearer and planted them on summit of enemy1s position; brevetted Major by Pres. U. S. for bravery at Gettysburg, and Lieut. Col. for gallantry at Resaca; July, 1866, received degree of M.D. at Yale Medical College, and went abroad for health; on return spent balance of life at New Haven, bearing his sufferings with the same courage displayed in military action.



Their second son, Henry after the CivilWar, served with Indian Service in New Mexico. He moved to Mann County in California about 1868. Two of his brothers lived with him for a time. He was married to Emily Blois in 1880. They had four children .

BioYale: . Henry Augustus DuBois, M.D., b. at the residence of his g. f. DuBois, n. w. cor. Broadway and 8th street, June 26, 1840 ; Yale B.P., 1859; April 25, 1861, he joined the 12th Regiment of N.Y.S.N.G. as Hospital Steward, in a few weeks was examined for Asst. Surgeon, U.S.A., and passed No. 3 out of 40 applicants; Aug. 28, 186 1, was under Dr. Abadie in the Columbian Hospital, Washington, but was soon put in full charge. He served in the 6th U. S. Cavalry as Inspector of Cavalry ; May, 1862, Asst, Med. Director of the Army of the Potomac, subsequently Medical In-spector of the Artillery Reserve under Gen. Hunt ; was at the H of Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, etc., in all about 40 battles ; 1864, Inspector of Hospitals at headquarters of the Army of the Potomac ; in June, 1864, on Gen. Sheridan’s staff; Aug., 1864, appointed Asst. Med. Director of the Middle MilitaryDivision of Va., on Sheridan’s staff, and was with him in all his battles, and present at Lee’s surrender ; brevetted by the President Captain, and subsequently Brevet Major. In 1865, took charge of the U. S. Laboratory in Phil. ; May, 1866, sent to Fort Union, New Mexico ; resigned Feb. 21, 1868, and is now practising medicine in San Rafael, Cal., where he has founded a cemetery (Temaulpas), of which he is Comptroller ; delivered in Yale Medical Coll., April, i860, a course of lectures on Toxicology. Confirmed by Bishop Williams, in St. Paul’s, New Haven; m. in 5th Avenue Church, by Rev. John Hall, D.D., Dec. i, 1880, Emily, dau. of Hannah MariaFerris (dau. of Miss Schieffelin, who was dau. of Hannah Lawrence and Schieffelin), and Samuel Blois, M.D. i child.


The following article was written by Marilyn L Geary and published in the SanRafael paper. “DR Henry Augustus DuBois, Jr. settled in San Rafael in 1869 after serving as a surgeon in the Civil War and in the Indian Wars of New Mexico. Born to a wealthy East Coast family, Yale-educated Dr. DuBois was a great-grandson of John Jay, the first Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court and a president of the Continental Congress. In his memoirs, William Kent described DuBois as “a New Englander and a straight-laced and proper citizen. He was educated, skillful and much esteemed.” Chickahominy Fever Dr. DuBois may have been lured to San Rafael by its healthy climate. In the California Medical Society’s journal, Dr. DuBois recommended San Rafael as ideal for a “sanitarium for chronic diseases.” During the Civil War, DuBois had contracted Chickahominy fever, a camp fever with symptoms of typhoid and malaria named for the mosquito-ridden swamps of the Chickahominy River in Virginia. The 1870 Census shows Dr. DuBois residing with 40-year-old Dr. Alfred Taliaferro, the first physician to practice in Marin. They lived in San Rafael Village with a 23-year old Chinese servant named Ah Poy. Dr. DuBois subsequently purchased land west of San Rafael at the end of today’s Fifth Street in what was called Forbes Valley. His land was far removed from town and included a section of Red Hill. Burials Prohibited When Dr. DuBois arrived in San Rafael, the town was growing fast, and the cemetery at St. Paul’s Episcopal Churchyard, Fourth and E Streets, could not keep up. In 1876, two years after San Rafael incorporated, town trustee Dr. Taliaferro proposed and got passed an ordinance prohibiting burials within San Rafael’s town limits. On Sept. 14, 1876, theMarin County Journal reported on a town meeting held to determine where to locate a new cemetery: “Nearly all the money and land kings were present.” Among several bids, Dr. DuBois offered a portion of his ranch for $13,000. The town trustees took no action, and the law to prohibit burials in town limits was rescinded. It was deemed “better to double up in the old yard than keep the dead above ground.” A Committee of One Not one to dawdle, by June 1878 Dr. DuBois had 40 men working on 113 acres of his land to build the new cemetery. He later stated, “I organized myself a committee of one.” He put enormous funds and energies into the venture, planting myrtle and ivy by the wagonload, laying out miles of roadways, setting out 2,000 trees and thousands of flowers. In September the Marin Journal reported that Dr. DuBois was doing a great amount of work. Schooners came up San Rafael Creek to First and C streets with loads of urns, fountains, sample monuments, granite walls and fences. DuBois had drawn up plans for a bell tower and an artesian well 2,000 feet deep. In December 1879 the Marin Journal reported that Dr. DuBois had toured 42 cemeteries in the East to collect drawings, photos, maps, statistics on water supply and other cemetery best practices. DuBois’ Folly In the late 1800s cemeteries were designed as parks for picnics and Sunday outings. DuBois expected that the cemetery would be a favorite destination and built miles of access roads. As he owned a portion of Red Hill, he hired Chinese laborers to build a zig-zag road up its heights to provide access from San Anselmo. Too steep for horse and buggy, the project gained the label “.” The Mt. Tamalpais Cemetery was dedicated in August 1879. It eventually served some of San Rafael’s most prominent families, including the Dollars and the Boyds. DuBois’ horizons, however, stretched beyond Marin. In January 1880 Dr. DuBois wrote in the Marin County Journal: “It is believed that, with the example of New York City, many burials from San Francisco will take place here…Objections [are] that San Francisco funerals must come on the boat and pass through town, but the midday, little-used boat will be used and funerals can pass on streets with few houses. Friends prophesy I will be ruined…I have been ruined so frequently – at least my friends have so prophesied – that I don’t mind it a bit.” Dr. DuBois built a number of artificial lakes at the cemetery. In 1881, reporting that the carp had multiplied from 11 to over 750, he suggested, “Carp raising would be a good industry here.”San Rafael in Denver? In 1874 Dr. DuBois platted a development in Denver, Colorado, which he named San Rafael for his California home. He expanded this subdivision in 1882 and 1886 as demand increased for more lots.The area, located 8 blocks northeast of downtown Denver, is now a heritage district on the National Register of Historic Places. An early advertisement described it as “beautifully located overlooking the city with a glorious view of the mountains.” Despite his activities in Denver, DuBois remained in San Rafael, Calif., where two of his siblings joined him. In 1880 he lived with his brother Alfred W. DuBois, a 28-year old Chinese servant Ah Jim and a 44-year-old servant Amelia Schuthris. Later that year, Dr. DuBois married Emily M. Blois, and they subsequently had four children. The Vaccine Farm : Building a cemetery, a residential neighborhood in a distant city, and a new family is more than enough to manage, but Dr. DuBois saw problems as opportunities. In the 1880s, vaccine panics often accompanied smallpox epidemics. Summer heat precluded transporting fresh vaccine from the East, and vaccine became scarce. The Pacific Coast Vaccine Farm didn’t last. Dr. DuBois died May 27, 1897 at age 55 of the typhoid fever he contracted in the Virginia swamps. Du Bois Street in San Rafael is named for another DuBois, but Dr. Henry A. DuBois Jr.’s legacy lives on in Mt. Tamalpais Cemetery and in Denver’s historic San Rafael district.”



John Jay Du BOIS was a lawyer and lived part of his life in San Rafael, California with his brother Henry. He was unmarried


Augustus Jay Du BOIS married Adeline Blakeslee and lived in New Haven. He was the Professor of Civil Engineering at the Sheffield School of Engineering, part of Yale University. They had no children.


Alfred Wagstaff Du BOIS married Anna Lichtenberg. He lived for a period with his brother Henry in California. He died in Paris of a “hemorrhage” at age 47.  Aunt ANNA continued to live in San Francisco.


Mary Rutherfurd Du BOIS was unmarried and lived and died in New Haven.


The youngest child, Robert Ogden Du BOIS was born in new Haven in 1860 the time of the Civil War. He went to Yale and then Yale Medical School. He then moved to New York City and opened a medical practice specializing in ENT problems. In 1889 he married Alice Mason, the daughter of Rev Arthur Mason and from the family of Jonathan Mason from Boston. They had three children, Arthur, Helen and Robert. Unfortunately he had Rhumatic Fever as a child, developed heart disease and died of congestive heart failure when he was 36. His wife Alice died soon after. Their three children were brought up by their Mason Uncle, called Boompa!

Her father, Arthur Mason was born in Boston in 1837. He graduated from Trinity College. He studied in Geneva and returned to enter Berkley Divinity School in Middleton, Ct. He married Amelia Caroline Taylor, He was Rector of a number of churches in Mass, New Haven and New York City. He died at his home in New York City in 1907 and was buried in the Woodlawn Cemetery.

Her mother, Amelia Caroline Taylor was born in Cuba. Her father was a successful sugar Merchant there. He lived in Cuba until 1848 when they returned to Baltimore, Md. His father had also been active in sugar trade with Cuba and had been active in Baltimore political life. He was involved in the War of 1812. He also was one of the managers of a statue erected to honor George Washington in Baltimore

The couple had four children, a son and four daughters. Alexander T Mason, the oldest, became active in NY Politics and was the Republican Leader of the 29th Assembly District. The oldest daughter, Isabella married Mansel Van Rensselaer and they had four children, Bernard, Arthur, Maud and Alexander. The next oldest daughter, Alice married Robert Ogden Du Bois and they had three children, Arthur, Helen and Robert, The youngest daughters, ”Maud and Teddy” never married

Her grandfather, Jonathan Mason, Jr., of Boston, was a portrait and figure painter, student of Gilbert Stuart, friend or acquaintance of virtually every major American artist of the nineteenth century. His father Jonathan died in 1831. He himself was married to Isabella Weyman in Italy in 1834. The sculptor Horatio Greenough was one of the witnesses. They had six children: sons Charles, Arthur, Herbert, and Philip, and two daughters, Isabelle (who married Charles Hook Appleton) and another who married William Sturgis Hooper. Arthur became an ordained minister. Herbert and Philip served in the Union army during the Civil War; Philip died from wounds in July 1864 and was interred atMount Auburn Cemetery.

Her Great Grandfather was Senator Jonathen Mason who was born in Boston and graduated from Boston Latin School and Princeton University. He studied law and was admitted to the Mass bar in 1779. He served in the Mass House of Representatives and in the Senate from 1786 to 1800. In 1800 he was elected to the United States Senate where he served from 1800 to 1803. He then returned to the Mass Senate and returned to Washington as a member of the House from 1817 to 1820. He married Susannah Powell whose family had immigrated from Wales and were early settlers of Vermont. Senator Mason was a friend of Gilbert Stuart and urged him to move to Boston. Portraits of them done by Stuart hung in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston

The oldest son, my father, Arthur Mason Du BOIS, Birth Nov 4, 1890 in New York Death Dec 1979 in New York married my mother, MARIE LOUISE DIXON+*Birth 15 Dec 1895 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York, Death 03 JUL 1943 in Hewlett, Nassau, New York, They had two children. Both are buried in the Jay Cemetery. Married Cornelia Prime COSTER Birth 6 Feb 1901 in New York, New York, Death 11 Dec 1956 in New York,

M. LOUISE Dixon Du BOIS was active in the formation of the New York Junior League. She had an active interest in history and documented the genealogy of my ancestors. This is kept at the Jay Homestead in Rye and as part of their exhibition.

Mothers Family: Polhemus and Van Wyck

Marie Louise Polhemus, was my maternal grandmother, who married Courtland Palmer Dixon.  He was a successful business man and banker. They lived in New York City and moved later in life to a large estate in Ridgefield, Ct. There were three children. My mother Louise, my Aunt, Gusseus, who never married, and my Uncle Theodore. My mother died in 1943, when I was ten. I remember her as an in charge deep thinking person that did not tolerate any foolishness from me. I have memories of my Aunt, Gusseus, arriving in Tyringham in the early 1950’s in the big 1930 touring Packard with HUGE running boards and a trunk on the back that she had inherited, and my being able to ride on the running boards to Lee. My Grandfather died well before I was born, and my Grandmother died when I was 8 in 1941. The depression had hurt her very badly with loss of railroad stocks. I vaguely remember her visits to our house in Hewlett. She seemed to ba a rigid person and her visits were not very comfortable!

Grandmother with Petey              

Guesseus Packard with Petey and me
My Grandmothers father was Theodorus Polhemus. Her mother was Maria Tiebout Van Wyck. One of several Polhemus/Van Wyck marriages.  Theodorus Polhemus father was also Theodorus and Maria mother was Cornelia Theodorus Polhemus, (brother and sister) who married Jacob Griffen Van Wyck and another Polhemus/Van Wyck marriage. Theodorus and Maria spent their lives in Brooklyn living in the Polhemus House in Gowans. He was co partner of Brinkerhouse and Polhemus, a successful cotton trading company. They had six children, my grandmother was the youngest.

The original Polhemus, the Rev Theodorus came to Brooklyn from Brazil in 1654 and became the first Domino of the Dutch church there. He married and had several children, including a daughter Anna. The original Van Wyck living in Brooklyn was Cornelius Barentsead who first settled in Brooklyn in 1660. He married Anna Polhemus, which was the first Polhemus/Van Wyck marriage. They had several children which started the Van Wyck line that moved to Fishkill. 
To trace the Van Wycks back, Maria’s father was Jacob Griffen Van Wyck. He was born in 1791 in Hopewell New York and was married to Cornelia Polhemus in China in 1814. He died at age 37. His father was Theodorus R Van Wyck, born in Fishkill in 1761, and lived there all his life. He died at age 77. He married Hannah Griffen in 1765. They had three children. His father was Richard Van Wyck, first cousin of Theodorus Van Wyck, MD., who also was born and lived in Fishkill. He married Barbara Coert Van Voorhees whose sister, Mary Coert had first married Petrus Du Bois my gggrandfather from my father’s side, and then Theodorus Van Wyck, MD.  His father was Cornelius Van Wyck, born in Brooklyn, married Hannah Thorne and moved and built house in Fishkill. They had seven children and were the start of the Fishkill family.

DIXON Geneaology


This clan is descended from Mr. Keith’s Earls Marshall, son of the most powerful family in Scotland where, with the sole exception of the Royal family, the title of Earl was the highest in the kingdom, and who had so many possessions that it was formerly said that they could journey from the north to the south of Scotland and sleep every night in one of their own castles. This descent is proved by no less than three entries in the records of the Lyon Office between the years 1672 – 1694.

It was first registered in 1672 after an act ordered all the nobility and gentry to registered their armorial bearings (some did but some considered it not necessary because they were so well known), “Mr. Robert Dickson, Advocate, descended of ye familie of ye Earl Marshall bears.”

Nisbet, in his Heraldry of Edinburgh, say the Dicksons are descended from one Richard Keith, son of the family of Keith’s – Earls Marshall of Scotland, and in proof carry in their arms the Chief of Keigh Marisehal; Richard, called “Dick”, and his sons carry this prefix in the family name. Richard, son of the Great Marshal Harvey de Keth, who died in 1249, by his wife Margaret, daughter of William, 3rd Lord Douglas. The paternal and maternal arms of these families have been combined to form the arms of the Dickson Clan. “Dicksons” of Buchtrig bore the chief of the Keiths with the Douglas Mullets in base, a perfect specimen of composed arms.

Thomas Dickson, Laird of Synopston and Heslesede County Lanark, and Castellane of Douglas, son of Dick de Keth, was born 1247 AD and is the grandson of the a foresaid Henry de Keth, was also a second cousin of William, 7th Lord Douglas, father of Sir James, 8th Lord Douglas, to both of whom Dickson was certainly a trusted friend.

England and Austria were fighting France. During the Reign of Henry VIII, Pope Julius 11, who had been besieged by a French force in Rome, had excommunicated the entire French army, and now grew a beard, an adornment then out of fashion, and swore he would not shave until he was revenged on the King of France. Henry, not to be outdone, also grew a beard. It was auburn, like his hair. He arranged to hire the Emperor Maximilian, with the Imperial Artillery and the greater part of the Austrian army, to serve under the royal standard of England. The emperor, we are told, was requested to spread his standards but refused to do so, saying he would be the servant, for the campaign, of the King and St. George.

These arrangements, though costly, were brilliantly successful. Under Henry’s command, the English with their Austrian mercenaries, routed the French in August 1513 at the Battle of the Spurs, so named because of the rapidity of the French retreat.

 The Scots were aligned with France and in the King’s absence had crossed the Tweed in September and invaded England with an army of fifty thousand men. Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey, Son of Richard III’s Duke of Norfolk, slain at Bosworth, and still under the family retainer, was nonetheless entrusted with the command. This skilful veteran, the only experienced general left in England after Dorset’s failure, knowing every inch of the ground, did not hesitate to march around the Scottish army, and although outnumbered by two to one, placed himself between the Scots and Edinburgh. At Flodden Field a bloody battle was fought on September 9, 1513.

Both Armies faced their homeland. The whole of Scotland, Highland and Lowland alike, drew out with their retainers in the traditional schiltrons, or circles of spearmen, and around the standard of their King. The English archers once again directed upon these redoubtable masses a long, intense, and murderous arrow storm. Moreover, the bills or axes in the hands of English infantry were highly effective against the Scottish spears in hand-to-hand assault, while the English cavalry awaited the chance of piercing the gaps caused by the slaughter. When night fell the flower of the Scottish chivalry lay in their ranks where they had fought and among them was King James IV and Robert Dickson. This was the last great victory gained by the longbow. In Scotland a year-old child succeeded to the throne as James V. Ms mother, the Regent, was Henry’s sister Margaret, and peace now descended on the Scottish border for the greater part of the reign. (Churchill, Winston S., A History of the English Speaking People: The New World Vol 2, pp. 35-37, Barnes & Noble Books.)

In 1557 AD a descendent, Robert Dickson, in (or of) Bouchtrig, and Elizabeth McDowell, his wife, had a charter from the King and Queen, of the lands of Bouchtrig and lands in Lethame Dec. 27, 1565 and on July 8, 1566 the same were confirmed to Robert Dickson, Eldest Son and Heir of Robert Dickson of Bouchtrig. The Charter recognized his claims to previous ownership of lands and is similar to the meaning of the German “Von”.

John Dickson – Merchant of Glasgow, Scotland, was of a religious character and was possessor of considerable wealth. His son, Rev. David Dickson was born 1583. He was educated at the Univ.ersity of Glasgow – where he was Professor until 1641. There he earned a Doctorate of Divinity. He transferred to the University of Edinburgh where he remained until 1651, when he was appointed Minister of Ireland. He was said to be the greatest of the three ministers.

Dr. David Dickson repudiated the five articles of Perth as issued by the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1618. He won for this much persecution as well as great honor. “Dr. Dickson was preeminent as a great scholar, preacher, ‘Worthy Scotchman’ as his biography and writings show.” Seven of his works – issued by a committee of the General Assembly of the Free Church of Scotland are in the possession of Rev. David Craig Stewart of Hoboken, N.Y. Dr. David Dickson died in 1663

Rev. David Dickson 1583 – 1662 Church leader and Covenanter. The son of a wealthy Glasgow merchant, Dickson was educated at the University of Glasgow. Soon after graduation, he was appointed Professor of Philosophy at Glasgow and worked alongside Robert Blair (1583 – 1666). At that time it was expected that University staff worked for only eight years before being ordained into Ministry and thus Dickson progressed to preach in Irvine from 1618. He took great exception to the Five Articles of Perth and, in 1622, was called to account before a commission including Archbishops James Law (1560 – 1632) and John Spottiswoode (1565 – 1639). Dickson was imprisoned in Turriff. He was released the following year and returned to Irvine.

He continued to work against the system of Bishops which had been imposed by Charles I. Like many others, he signed the National Covenant in 1638, then he took a leading role in the General Assembly held in Glasgow in the same year and was elected Moderator of the General Assembly held in 1639 in Edinburgh. In 1641, he had accepted the position of Professor of Divinity at the University of Glasgow and by 1650, he had moved to a similar position in Edinburgh. On the Restoration of Charles II in 1660, Dickson refused to take the Oath of Supremacy and was ejected from his University position in 1662. He died shortly thereafter.

Dickson wrote various commentaries on the Bible, together with theological works and religious poetry
The Five Articles of Perth were five episcopal and Roman Catholic worship practices that were forced on the church by king James VI in 1618. The articles were accepted by Parliament in 1621 and became the law of the land, but many of the people were very unhappy with them.

The five articles were:

1. Kneeling rather than sitting at the Lord’s Supper. 

2. Private Communion.

3. Baptism not withheld longer than one Lord’s Day and administered privately where necessary (ie if the baby was about to die).

4. Confirmation by bishops.

5. The observance of holy days such as Christmas and Easter.

In opposition to this, the Reformed church believed that kneeling at communion made it like the Roman Catholic mass, baptism wasn’t needed for salvation, there was no need for bishops or confirmation by them and that the only holy day that the New Testament church was meant to observe was the weekly Lord’s Day.

Some of the ministers who refused to accept the Five Articles, such as David Dickson, were removed from their churches. Others were put in prison. The Five Articles were condemned and repealed by the Glasgow Assembly of 1638.

Robert Dickson
(David 2, John 1). He was born at Irvine about 1630, the youngest son of the Rev. David and Margaret (Roberton) Dickson. In early manhood he identified himself with the Presbyterian party of Scotland, and… [eventually] …fled from Ayrshire in December, 1666, as previously noted, settled in the province of Ulster. In neither the records nor the traditions of the family has the name of the county or of the town in which he located been preserved, but it is believed that Antrim was the county. About 1670 he was married in Ireland to Priscilla, daughter of Hugh Kennedy, according to family tradition. Prior to 1700 Robert died, and was survived by several children, the names of only four of whom, however, have been preserved. “: 4. i. David, b. about 1673; d._____ 5. ii. Robert, b. about 1675; d. _____ 6. iii. Archibald, b. about 1677; d. _____ 7. iv. John , b. 1679; d. 6 May, 1759 “ Early in 1719, in company with a number of their friends and neighbors, the brothers Robert, Archibald and John named above emigrated with their families from the North of Ireland, and a few weeks later landed at Boston, Mass.

It is the youngest son, John, the Grandson of the Rev David, who emigrated to this country in 1719 and settled near his brother in Killingly, Windham, Connecticut, where he married and raised his children. Much of this was for religious freedom. England under Charles I had been in conflict with the Presbyterian Church of Scotland. This lead to Grandfathers’s move from Ayshire to Glasgow to Edinburg during the reigns of Charles I, Oliver Cromwell, and Charles II, and his eventual arrest. His son had fled Scotland in 1666 and settled in Northern Ireland, probably Antrim.

In 1724 John Dixson bought land in the area of New London from the Mohegan Indians and various landowners. Then he moved his family “to Colchester, in the north-west corner of New London county, where his brother Robert was living…” Then in Feb 1726 he moved again and purchased more land near his property in New London witnessed by his nephew John, son of his brother Robert. “Shortly thereafter John Dixson removed from Colhester to the North Parish of new London, and 3 May, 1726, he was married by the Rev. Eliphalet Adams, pastor of The First Church of Christ in New London… to Anna (b. 5 July, 1693), eldest child of Joseph and Katharine Lester of New London. Joseph Lester (b. 15 June, 1664; d. in May, 1728) was one of the sons of Andrew and Ann Lester, early settlers in New London.”

John Dixson was married three times. He had several children with his third wife, Janet Jane Kennedy, the youngest son was Capt William Dixon, who is our descendant. He took part as Military Officer during the Revolutionary War. In 1782 he was a Representative to the General Assembly of Connecticut. He married Pricilla Dennison and they had four children. His oldest child was Senator Nathan Fellows Dixon.

DIXON, Nathan Fellows, (father of Nathan Fellows Dixon [1812-1881] and grandfather of Nathan Fellows Dixon [1847-1897]), a Senator from Rhode Island; born in Plainfield, Conn., December 13, 1774; attended Plainfield Academy and graduated from the College of Rhode Island (now Brown University) in 1799; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1801 and commenced practice in New London County, Conn.; moved to Westerly, R.I., in 1802 and continued the practice of law; also engaged in banking, serving as president of the Washington Bank of Westerly from 1829 until his death; member, State house of representatives 1813-1830; served as a colonel in the State militia; elected as a Whig to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1839, until his death in Washington, D.C., January 29, 1842; chairman, Committee on Revolutionary Claims (Twenty-seventh Congress); interment in River Bend Cemetery, Westerly, Washington County, R.I

Nathan Fellows Dixon married Elizabeth Betsey Palmer and they had seven children. Nathan Fellows Dixon, II also served as a state senator to Congress. They had seven children. Courtland Palmer Dixon, the youngest son born in 1817, is my great grand father.

CP Dixon married Hannah Elizabeth Williams
, of the Stonington, Ct Williams family. A lot of Ephraims, but no relationship to Williams College! They had seven children that survived infancy.

Courtland Palmer Dixon (1817-1883) was born in New York, the son of Nathan Fellows Dixon (1774-1842), a Rhode Island Senator and the brother of Nathan Fellows Dixon II (1812-1881), who served in Congress from 1849-1851. Courtland lived in the South – both at Vicksburg and New Orleans – from 1841 to 1845, at which time he returned to New York. Upon his return to New York, he began securing contracts for granite from quarries he had interest in, and eventually helped supply stone for several public buildings, including the Charleston Custom House, the New Orleans Custom House, the United States Treasury Building, and post offices in Washington, New York and Philadelphia. When Dixon was living in Vicksburg in the early 1840s, he was close to Brierfield Plantation in Warren County, which was where Jefferson Davis was living at the time. Dixon may have become acquainted with Davis during this time, and certainly knew Robert J. Walker, who was a close friend of Davis as well as a Senator from Mississippi and the US Secretary of the Treasury from 1845-1849. It was Walker who selected the site for the New Orleans Custom House and approved the building’s design in 1847 for construction to begin in 1848

Back in the early fifties Horace Beals, of New York, accepted Dix Island in lieu of a bad debt, remarking facetioiisly at the time that it would make an ideal spot to commit suicide. Little did he realize that the magic wand of fortune would be so waved above this little pile of barren reefs as to transform it into a veritable kingdom of Croesus. Little did he dream that his little granite isle, so remote from the pathways of the world, would duplicate the fable of King Midas. The exigencies of reconstruction following the civil war were the controlling influences which caused Dame Fortune to smile so benignantly upon Dix Island, transformit into a flourishing community such as had not existed on the coast of New England and surely which has not been equaled since. The Government wanted materials for enormous building enterprises, and it was extremely indifferent as to what it paid for them provided they were received in a hurry. The first contract fulfilled by the Dix Island Granite Company, a company formed in New York with Edward Learned, of Pittsfield, Mass., as president, and Courtland P. Dixon, of Brooklyn, as manager and treasurer, was for the Charlestown Custom House. This contract was followed by a two year period of inactivity, and it was believed that the Dix Island boom was of merely an ephemeral nature. Then along came the New York Post Office contract, accompanied by almost incredibly lucrative prospects. In addition to paying for cutting and all other expenses, the Government gave the company a 15 per cent bonus on the gross costs. Money poured freely into the coffers of the Dix Island Granite Company. Father Knickerbocker wanted his post office in a hurry, which made necessary an influx of quarry men and cutters which rapidly outgrew the inadequate housing facilities on the island. As a result two boardhouses were erected at Government expense, called the Shamrock and the Aberdeen, which were capable of accommodating I,0()0 men. Exceedingly appropriate names, these, since most of the men hailed from either Scotland or Ireland. The men were of hardy stock who had worked in the marble hills of Carrara and in the quarries of Dumfries and Dalbeattie—men accustomed to long hours and small pay—who found themselves transported to an environment of opulence, where eight hours constituted a day’s work and where astonishingly high wages were the accepted thing. With 1,485 men on the payroll, representing an aggregate of $106,000 a month, it can be readily inferred that something was”

Courtland Palmer Dixon, II was my grandfather. He married Marie Louise Polhemus, my grandmother, which brings in the Polhemus/Van Wyck ancestry. They lived in New York City but had a large estate in Ridgefield, Ct which was sold in the early 1940’s. I have memories of my Aunt, Gusseus, arriving in Tyringham in the big Packard with HUGE running boards, and my being able to ride on the running boards to Lee. He died before I was born, and I remember Grandmother visits which I do not think were very comfortable!

My Grandmothers father was Theodorus Polhemus. Her mother was Maria Tiebout Van Wyck. There were several intermarriages between the Polhmus family and the Van Wyck family. Theodorus Polhemus father was also Theodorus and Maria mother was Cornelia Theodorus Polhemus, brother and sister. Her father was Jacob Griffen Van Wyck. They spent their lives in Brooklyn living in the Polhemus House in Gowans. He was co partner of Brinkerhouse and Polhemus, a successful cotton trading company. They had six children, my grandmother was the youngest.

To trace the Van Wycks, Maria’s father was Jacob Griffen Van Wyck. He was born in 1791 in Hopewell New York and was married to Cornelia Polhemus in China in 1814. He died at age 37. His father was Theodorus R Van Wyck, born in Fishkill in 1761, and lived there all his life. He died at age 77. He married Hannah Griffen in 1765. They had three children. His father was Richard Van Wyck, first cousin of Theodorus Van Wyck, MD., who also was born and lived in Fishkill. He married Barbara Coert Van Voorhees whose sister, Mary Coert had first married Petrus Du Bois and then Theodorus Van Eyck.