Category Archives: Du Bois history

PETER JAY and his DEPENDANT FAMILY

PETER JAY (1704-1783) and his dependent family

PETER JAY(2/4), born in 1704, was the only son and fourth child of Auguste, the first Huguenot Jay and his wife Anna Marie Bayard Jay. At age 18 he was sent to Bristol, England to live with his aunt, Francois Jay Peloquin, where he was educated. Following return to New York, in 1728, he married Mary Van Cortlandt. Mary Van Cortlandt was the daughter of Stephanus Van Cortlandt, one of the wealthiest families in the Province. Peter Jay lived as a successful merchant in New York City before moving in 1745 to the farm he purchased in Rye, NY.

Not much has been written about their family life. Seven children had been born to them before 1745. Two had died at birth. Of the living five, the oldest Eva was emotionally unstable,(but did later marry Henry Munro). The oldest son Augustus probably was autistic with a learning disability. He did not learn to read or write. Their fourth child, James was intelligent and was sent to England for Medical training. The next two children Anna Marie and Peter developed small pox when young which left them both blinded. “Blind Peter” inherited the Rye house on the death of his father, married, and lived there the remainder of his life. So of the five, only one would be able to live independently. This must have been a huge concern for Peter and Mary, and the main reason to move the family out of the city. He purchased land in Rye, New York and moved the family there. Their fourth son, John Jay was born at the time of the move. Two more children would be born. A fifth son, Frederick in 1747 and a daughter, Mary, who died at age 5. Peter Jay on moving to Rye retired from his business life and spent his life in improving the farm. He became a scientific horticulturalist, a heritage that was passed on to his sons.

In 1776 he was not involved with the political changes of the times. Two of his sons were. James and John were very much involved in the revolution and not living at home. Their oldest son, now Sir James, having been knighted for support for Kings College in New York was of the generation that hoped for a return to English rule, and was caught between being a loyalist and a patriot, which lead to great friction with his younger brother. After the revolution he settled in New Jersey and practiced medicine. Of course their younger son John, now a young lawyer, became very involved with the need of the colonies for total separation from England. He became a leader in this movement and was sent to Paris to negotiate a peace with England. He spent the war either in Spain or in France concerned about but well away from the family.

 At the time of the Revolutionary War, Rye became “no man’s land”, New York was in British control, and the family were forced to move. This was not easy and their youngest son Frederick became in charge of this. He arranged for them to move to Fishkill, N.Y. to a house owned by Theodorus Van Wyck. This must have been an extraordinarily difficult time. The Rye house had become a comfortable place for all the family with an active farm. Mary was in declining health with very severe arthritis. Eva (who had “hysterics”) had married Henry Munro in 1766 at age 37. He was a loyalist minister who lived in Albany. They had one child, Peter Jay Munro. During the Revolution she moved back to the family with her ten year old, while her loyalist husband had to escape and return to Scotland. Augustus, “Blind” Peter and blind Anna Maria were dependent children that needed care. The farm needed to be moved. There were several slaves and servants as part of the family that they needed for the care they could give. There was property that needed to be moved or protected. And with the revolutionary turmoil, finding transportation for all this was extremely difficult. Fishkill was a good days journey.

                                    
Mary died soon after the move in 1777. Then the family was robbed in Fishkill and a second move to safer Poughkeepsie was made. There was also a plan to move them all to Kent where much of their goods had been sent. This never happened. Peter died after the second move in 1783. Both were interred in the vault of Gysbert Schenck, Esq. at Fishkill, and were probably moved to the Rye cemetery in 1804 with the other family from the Family Vault in the orchard of Peter Stuyvesant in the Bowerie. 

His concerns about their survival and his financial worries were expressed by father Petter to son John in the following letter written in 1777.

Fish Kill, 29 July, 1777.

Dear Johnny,

I have received your letter of the 21 Inst:—The evacuation of Ticonderoga is very alarming; I wish it may soon be made to appear in a less gloomy light.

Hitherto Fady has not been able to succeed in providing waggons to remove your Books to Kent.—My thoughts have been much imployed of late about removing from hence in case of need, but the more I consider of it the more I am perplexd., for my present state of health admits of my undergoing no fatigue. Besides I conceive my going to Kent will be attended with an immense expence, for there I can hire no Farm to raise necessarys for my numerous Family, but must lodge them in different Houses and buy daily food &c for them, I suppose at the same exorbitant rate that is extorted from the distressed in other parts of the Country; so that unless I can get a Farm in order to raise so much as will in some measure answer the expence of the Necessarys of life, I am very apprehensive it will have too great a tendency to our ruin, for we may long continue in our present distressed situation before a Peace takes place. I am indeed at a loss what steps to take and therefore I could wish you were nearer at hand to consult with you and Fady what to do. Hitherto my present abode appears to me as safe as elsewhere, and it may be most prudent to continue here till we know what rout the Regulars take & their success if any they have; but in the mean time it may be best to remove some of my most valuable things by way of precaution, which we’ll consider of when you come here. If we can purchase another Waggon it shall be done.

Johnny Strang was here about a fortnight or three weeks ago when we was expectg. the Regulars were about coming up the River; he then proposed to send a box or two he has of yours at his Father’s to Salem, and promised to remove them from there in case of need & said he would be very careful of them. Nancy is now unwell & Peggy is very sick with an intermitting fever ever since her return from Albany.

I am yr. affecte. Father

Peter Jay.

     

They had left Rye in 1777. Peter died in Poughkeepsie in 1783. Soon after that the family must have returned to Rye. By 1784 the British had left NY and peace had come. “Blind” Peter et al must have come back to Rye.

The Will of Peter Jay shows his concerns and leaves specific funds for the care of EVA, AUGUSTUS, and “blind” PETER and ANNA MARIA.

The will of Peter Jay was written in 1782, a year before his death. Three codiciles were added.

The main will, written 27 and 28 of May 1782, states that he was late of Rye, Westchester County, now of Rombout of Dutchess County, and discusses the disposal of his goods, chattels, and credits. The executers of his estate were Frederick Jay and Egbert Benson

       500£ to be given to the executers for maintenance of son Augustus

    . 1800£ to be given executers for maintainance of dgt Eva Munro to also include the education and support of her son Peter Jay Munro. The sum was to be given to PJM when he turned 21.

       1800£ to be given executures for maintainance and support of blind Anna Marie

       Remainder to be divided equally among sons James, Peter, John, Frederick

       Farm in Rye given to blind PETER

      Choice of Bedford property to JOHN

      NYC property, Dockward with store house given to Frederick. This required release of asset by the family. An existing problem was that Henry Munro, back in Scotland would be very reluctant to do this. A penalty was built into the will that if this happened, grandson PJM would get no funds.

     Release of debt of the children except for James who needed to pay.

    Two negro women could choose a new master. Zilpha and elder Mary.

    Peter, John, and Frederick act as executures. Witnessed by three van Wycks

Codiciles

Use Spanish dollars not pounds

Purchase of land in Poughkeepsie to be sold as real estate holding.

Family portraits left to James.

Excuse JJ who is across the seas

Slave Plato to JJ

Slave Mary to any child. Money saved for her upkeep.

       
 

ROBERT LIVINGSTON, Chancellor of New York

CHANCELLOR ROBERT LIVINGSTON, Jr (1746-1843)

                             
Part of my family tracing of the Revolutionary period is the history of my second cousin five times removed Robert R Livingston, Jr. He was very much a contemporary of my g-g-g grandfather John Jay. Both were good friends as children and both went to Kings College Law School at the same time. Both were young lawyers in New York at the time of the start of the movement of the colonies for independence. They both became involved in this movement. Jay succeeded and Livingston who wanted success, came close but failed. Why? An interesting story.

First, where did Robert Livingston come from. He was part of the Aristocratic landed gentry of New York. His great grandfather was the first Lord of the Livingston Manor, a man whose father had been excluded from Scotland for religious views and moved to Holland. Here he learned Dutch which proved to be a great help when he moved to the colonies. Through his contacts he was granted Land Grants along the Hudson which became the basis of the 100,000 square mile holding that became Livingston Manor. He married Alida Van Schuyler of the Albany family whose first husband Nicholas Van Rensselaer had died leaving her with land. They had nine children. Their second son, Robert, a judge, was willed 13,000 acres on the death of his father called Clermont and this would became the home of their grandchild Robert Jr.

This was Robert’s problem. He inherited his position as an aristocratic snob. He was brought up in a family of wealth, well educated, and used to the English system of social class. It was a system where one was chosen for political position as a powerful land owner. Thus he assumed a role for himself in the new Democracy. From early times as an aristocratic snob he wished little to do with those in a lower order and felt those inferior to himself as incapable of political leadership. This created a difficult problem for him in the new democracy. It was very different from the Democracy that Washington, Hamilton, and Jay were trying to form as Federalists. As a protest after the Revolution he became a follower of Jefferson and left the Federalist Party.

                           
What happened? He graduated from Kings College in 1765, at the time the King imposed the stamp act to collect taxes from the colonies. The feeling of the leading families in New York at that time was for a return to England rule not a separation. His father, as many others, became a reluctant revolutionary. Between 1765 and 1775 events in Massachusetts and elsewhere were occurring that made a peaceful return to English rule very unlikely. In 1775, Robert, because of his name, was selected to be one of five (Jefferson, Adams, Franklin, Sherman, and Livingston) to draft what became the Declaration of Independence. Robert neither wrote or edited a word of this document. He was not present at its signing, was not at its presentation to the early congress, and did not sign the document. (His uncle Philip did).

                         
Between 1777 and 1801 he served as Chancellor of New York, the highest judiciary office, and was known as Chancellor for the rest of his life. His rival John Jay had been named Chief Justice of the New York Court. This appointment put him in the position of administering in 1789, the oath of office to the First President of the United States, George Washington. The bible used is still on occasion used for this purpose. (Not Trump!!)

            B.         N.     N non.     
He felt he had the ability to be a leader in the new Democracy but his inability to separate himself from his Livingston aristocratic snobbery destroyed this. After he swore Washington in as President, he felt he should be rewarded with either position of Secretary of State or Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Washington turned this down. His rival friend, John Jay, of course became the first Chief Justice.

As noted, he also went through a political change. He hated the decisions made by Jay and Hamilton as active New York Federalists. In 1789 he became a member of the Jeffersonian party in part to run against Jay for Governor of New York. (He lost badly). He believed in the Jeffersonian principle of Government FOR the people. He had a hard time with Government BY the people!!

This resulted in 1801 his appointment by Jefferson to serve as minister to France to negotiate purchase of port of New Orleans and Northern Florida. The French were not interested until 1803 when Jefferson sent James Madison to help. Napoleon was in sudden need of money. He sent for the two and offered to sell the entire French land holdings for 15 million dollars. Thus the Louisiana Purchase occurred. What is ironic is that Robert tried to change dates so all the honor would go to him. (It did not work and his political life was ended)

                          
He then retired to his farm in Clermont. The original house had been burned to the ground by the British during the Revolution. In 1795 he had started construction of a new house. He had also become preoccupied by a variety of farming and other concerns and wrote and published a large number of articles on all sorts of subjects.

While he was in France he met and befriended Robert Fulton. This friendship continued. Robert Fulton married Robert’s niece, Harriet Livingston. When he retired to his farm he became involved with Robert Fulton and his new steam boat. In 1810 this successfully went from Clermont to Albany and back in 60 some odd hours!!

                                    

In 1770 he married Mary “Polly” Stevens and they had two daughters. He urged both daughters to marry cousins to maintain the name of Livingston. They did. Elizabeth married a cousin Edward Philip Livingston and had a number of  children. Margaret also married a cousin Robert Linlithgow Livingston and also had a number of children. Robert died at Clermont in 1813 after a number of strokes.

                                             

MY FAMILY DESCENDANTS and THE REVOLUTION

The American Revolution, independence from Great Britain, and our family history

The Revolutionary period between 1770 and 1800 was not a fun time to be living in New York City and the surrounding area. There were several of my descendants living in this area that had become successful with land acquisition and with trading opportunities. The Revolution would change all that. The need for the break from England as necessary was not an easy decision for New Yorkers to make. Some became progressively influential. This included John Jay, who was a young lawyer in New York when the Revolution started. There were some who strongly felt that ties with Great Britain should not be broken, but mended. This was an older group who came reluctantly to support the Revolution. This included property owner, The Lord of the Manor, Robert Livingston. Then there were those who stayed loyal to the King. This was Frederick Phillips, Lord of Phillips Manor. Some joined the militias and fought in the Revolution. After the revolution, debate was not over. Freedom from the King meant a new Government needed to be formed. The debate between State rights and new Federal rights was intense. John Jay, became a strong Federalist, in favor of a strong federal government. Part of the debate was the right to vote. Jefferson felt that one man (Not WOMAN) one vote should rule and Hamilton felt that only men of property should be allowed to vote and rule. How should they govern? How could they get balance between the States? The result was a revised Constitution but this needed to be ratified by the States. New York was very split by this: a majority wished to keep the sovernity of the State. In Poughkeepsie a group met designated to make the decision. Jay was part of this and the result was ratification of the new Constitution by two or three votes. In the emerging Democracy there was conflict of ideas for our new country. This influenced Jays and Livingstons and Clarksons and Van Courtlands and Phillipps and Van Rensselaer and Van Schuyler all my relatives. I will try and tell what happened to these several families before, during and after the Revolution.

It includes property: Jay’s mother and the Van Courtlandt Manor, the rest of the Livingstons and Livingston Manor, cousin Frederick Philippse and Phillips Manor, Killean Van Rensselaer and Rensselaerwick, Philip Van Schuyler and Schuyler land. The shift in control from property and wealth. Who should rule the country? It was the end of the influence of the Lords of the Manor.

It includes merchants and trade: Several of my descendants that lived in New York were successful traders. For them the Revolution and loss of New York to the British meant not only loss of trade, but loss of homes. John Jay’s father and mother were forced to leave their home in Rye and take refuge in safer area. No longer were the old trade routes safe.

It includes the story between these families. Pre revolutionary New York was small and there were many intermarriages between these families. Livingstons married Van Schuylers and Jays,  Van Schuylers married Van Rensselaers,  van Cortlndts married Jays, Van Schuyler married a Van Rensselaer and then when he died married a Livingston. Bayards intermarried as did Van Voorhees. These marriages all tied these families and their lands tighter together.

It includes the political changes. Tories vs Patriots. Federalists vs non Federalists, the new government, the need for a new constitution, the start of our Democracy.

It also includes how much Dutch blood we have! All the Vans!

LAND FIRST

There were at least five families we are related to that controlled large tracts of land before the Revolution from Great Britain. The Livingston Family and Livingston Manor on the Hudson, (1,200,000acres ) The Philipse Family and Philipse Manor in Westchester, (125,000acres ) The Van Courtlandt Family and Van Courtlandt Manor in Yonkers, (85,000acres), The Van Rensselaer Family and Rensselaerwyck in Albany.(750,000acres) and The Van Schuyler Family and land also in Albany (100,000acres) All were started either from Patroonships from the Royal Dutch Governor or as Royal Land Grants, Charters of the King. The land on these Manors was to be owned and leased by the Lord of the Manor or if Dutch, the Patroon. This feudal system of land ownership was to be continued, oldest son to oldest son.

The Manors and Patroonships did not survive. Soon after the end of the Revolution they ended. The feudal system could not exist with our new Democratic principles of freedom.

LIVINGSTON MANOR

Robert Livingston (1654-1728), my 6th GGrandfather, was the first Lord of the Manor. He was also an example of our Dutch background. His father, a Church of England minister had been banned from his home country of Scotland for not recognizing the Presbyterian faith in Scotland. He took his family which included his young son Robert to Holland, where Robert learned to speak the Dutch language. Robert ended up coming to the Colonies, and became successful in part because of his ability to understand and speak Dutch. He was granted by Royal Charter of Great Britain in 1715 160,000 acres along the Hudson in what is now Columbia County, NY. This created the manor and Lordship of Livingston. He married Alida Schuyler, the widow of another major land owner, Nicholas Van Rensselaer, and daughter of General Philip Schuyler, owner of a large amount of Albany property. This brought together Livingston, Van Rensselaer, and Schuyler families and a lot of property. She was a very strong woman. She had one son with Nicholas and had nine children with Robert. Since Robert was often in NYC, she was responsible for managing the Livingston and Van Rensselaer property. We have a lot of Dutch blood!

Their oldest son Philip (1686-1749) became the second Lord of the Manor after his father’s death in 1728. In 1708 he married Catharina Van Brugh, the daughter of a former Albany mayor and they would live in Albany. They had 12 children and it was one of their sons that had impact on our family.

Phillips son, William, inherited property in New Jersey and became Governor of New Jersey during the Revolutionary time. He was a strong believer that separation with Great Britain was needed and influenced a young lawyer who was courting his daughter, Sarah of this. This of course was John Jay who married Sarah.

Philips oldest son, Robert (1708-1790) inherited Livingston Manor at the time of his father’s death. He had married Maria Thong in 1731 and they had thirteen children. He became the third and last Lord of the Manor. In 1766, after the death of his wife, he married Gertrude Van Rensselaer Schuyler.

Robert Livingston was Lord of the Manor during the Revolution. When he became Lord 1,000,000 acres of the Catskills mountains was added to the Manor property. He hoped for a compromise with England and was modestly supportive of the war of separation. He did supply the Army with important iron that was mined from his land holdings. His tenant farmers stayed as loyalists to the crown for most of the Revolution. His children were more supportive serving in the war effort. After the revolution ended the power status of the Manors also ended. At the time of his death Livingston Manor was divided unto 5 parts for his sons and were subsequently divided further. The Lord of the Manor was no more.

PHILLIPSE MANOR

 My second Cousin Frederick Philipse III (1710-1786) was the third and last Lord of Philipse Manor. He had inherited the estate from his father at the time of his father’s death in 1751. This was a 125,000 acre estate that comprised much of Southern Westchester County. Frederick was a strong Loyalist and never wavered during the Revolution. He stayed in New York which was under British control during the war and then left for England in 1783 when the English left New York. All of his lands were confiscated by the state and sold off. Several thousand acres were sold to his tenant farmers. The property was decided into 200 parcels. Henry Beekman a Dutch NY businessman bought several of the parcels.

Frederick and his family continued to live in Great Britain. He died in 1786 and was buried in Chester Cathedral in Chester, England.

The taking of Loyalist land was a common practice and the sale of the land provided income to the state. The total of land lost by Frederick was 120,000 acres!

On November 28, 1776, the same year that 56 Americans signed the Declaration of Independence, well over 200 colonial New Yorkers placed their signatures on a “Declaration of Dependence.” These signers were Loyalists, citizens who remained faithful to their sovereign, George III, King of Great Britain. Prominent among the signatures was that of Frederick Philipse III, Lord of the vast Manor of Philipsburg and resident of the elegant mansion known today as Philipse Manor Hall. Frederick Philipse III and his family lived in luxury, well supported by rents from the many tenant farms on his property. Times were changing, however, and while others rebelled against Great Britain, Frederick III defended the Crown. His Loyalist beliefs were so strong that General George Washington ordered him arrested in 1776. Philipse and his family later fled to British occupied New York City and then to England, where the last “Lord of the Manor”, broken in spirit and health, died in 1786. His land and his mansion were confiscated by the New York State Legislature and sold at public auction

VAN COURTLANDT MANOR

My 5th great grandfather, Frederick Van Cortlandt (more Dutch) bought about a thousand acres extending from the upper Bronx into Westchester County from cousin Frederick PHILLIPSE. He built a house in Georgian style but died before it was finished. He was married to my fifth great Aunt, Francina Jay who continued to live there until her death in 1780. The house was then inherited by their oldest son James (1727-1787) who was there during the Revolution. It was used as a grain plantation and grist mill. Unlike the other properties it was not rented out for farming. During the Revolution the house stood at the border between English NYC protection and the new countries holding, which was full of robbers, etc. George Washington stayed there in 1776 to plan the battle for White Plains and then in 1781 with the French commander Rochambeau where he tricked the British into thinking he was staying there while he fled to the North. The British used the house during the war and at wars end it was apparently in very bad repair. There was a period that no family member was living there. James had no children. He left the house and property to be divided after his wife died, between his two brothers, Augustus and Fredrick and his sister Eva White. The house and property were then sold to the City of New York in 1889 and have been part of the park system since then. The house is run by the Colonial Dames as a museum.


Frederick sister was my fifth GreatGrandmother Mary Van Cortlandt who married Peter Jay and was the mother of fourth GreatGrandfather John Jay. It was property that John Jay was given by her in Bedford NY that was the site on which he built his retirement home.
VAN RENSSELEAR MANOR

Rensselaerwyck was a Dutch Patroonships given to my first cousin 6 times removed Killiaen Van Rensselaer in 1629 of about 750,000 acres and stayed under Van Renssellaer control until after the Revolution. It contained land on both sides of the Hudson from Albany down. It remained in Van Rensselaer control until the death of Stephan Van Rensselaer in 1836, when the manor officially ended. In 1704 Killiaen as Patroon split a lower portion of the Manor to his brother Hendrick, which was the area surrounding Albany, and known as the Claverack VR Manor

Killian married Maria Van Cortlandt also my first cousin 6 times removed. She was a daughter of Stephanus Van Cortland and Gertrude Schuyler. They had 7 children that lived to adulthood.

The Van Rensselaer Patroonships lasted until the early 1800, when it was divided and ended.

The concept of a large tract of land under the perpetual control of one family with its income coming from rental of tracts of land and tax of 10% of produce could not continue in a country dedicated to freedom of individuals.

“The patroon system was from the beginning doomed to failure. As we study the old documents we find a sullen tenantry, an obsequious and careworn agent, a dissatisfied patroon, an impatient company, a bewildered government — and all this in a new and promising country where the natives were friendly, the transportation easy, the land fertile, the conditions favorable to that Conservation of human happiness which is and should be the aim of civilization. The reason for the discontent which prevailed is not far to seek, and all classes were responsible for it, for they combined in planting an anachronistic feudalism in a new country, which was dedicated by its very physical conditions to liberty and democracy. The settlers came from a nation which had battled through long years in the cause of freedom. They found themselves in a colony adjoining those of Englishmen who had braved the perils of the wilderness to establish the same principles of liberty and democracy. No sane mind could have expected the Dutch colonists to return without protest to a medieval system of government.”

VAN SCHUYLER

There were two men who came from Holland and settled in the Albany area and by their success as traders (fur) purchased a large amount of land in the Albany area. They founded a trading community named Beverwyck. It was descendants from Philip Pieterse Schuyler that bred into my Van Rensselaer, Van Cortlandt, and Livingston family.

My 2nd Cousin 6 times removed was Philip Schuyler, born 1733. He married cousin Catherine Van Rensselaer and they had 15 children!! He inherited most of the Van Schuyler property and before the Revolution built the Van Schuyler Mansion. He became wealthy as a trader of material from the Albany area that he shipped down the Hudson to New York. He also became supportive of the Revolution from Great Britain, and served as General during the war mostly in the Albany area. After the war he served as one of the first United States Senators to serve from New York. He and his wife, Catherine Van Rensselaer, had nine children who were influential in the next generation. Their second daughter married Alexander Hamilton.

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While they had extensive land, it was not as the other families given to them to manage as a Manor or a Patroon.

The total land holdings of these families before the Revolution in New York along the Hudson was well over two million acres. Not bad but not to last.

TRADE and MERCHANTS

Trade and trading were very important in both pre revolutionary and post revolutionary New Amsterdam/New York. The story of two relatives that were involved with foreign trade and went thru large losses with the Revolution were Peter Jay and David Clarkson.

JAY

Augustus  Jay was the first Jay to come to the New World. He was a young man on one of his father’s trade ships and returning to LaRochelle found that his family had been forced to flee to England as a result of their Protestant beliefs and the revocation of the Edict of Nantes that gave them protection to worship. He was smuggled aboard a ship sailing for Charleston and made his way up the coast ending up in New Amsterdam. He met and married Anna Maria Bayard and his success as a trader resulted. Her grandmother was also Anna, the sister of Peter Stuyvesant. This was a very successful trading family!

It was their son Peter Jay, who married Marie Van Courtlandt, who continued as a merchant, and retired from New York in 1745, to move to the property he had purchased in Rye New York. This has recently been protected and restored as the Jay Heritage Center. It was here that their son John Jay would be born and brought up.

During the Revolution their world would be turned upside down. Rye became “no man’s land”. They were outside of British control, but lived with terrible dangers of being attacked by the British or undone by the Cowboys and scalpers that ran without control in the area. They had to leave the homestead in Rye and were moved initially to Fishkill which was safer and then to Poughkeepsie after they were robbed in Fishkill. They never return to their Rye farm and home. Marie died in Fishkill and Peter died in Poughkeepsie. Their children did return and continue living in Rye. Peter Augustus Jay, John Jays oldest son inherited the property in early 1800 and tore down the original house and built the Greek revival home that is there today.


CLARKSON

The first David Clarkson (1698-1751) was the son of Matthew Clarkson, the first immigrant to the New World from England. He became a successful merchant in New York with several vessels and a big trade. His son, also David Clarkson (1726-1782) continued this. He was a very successful merchant with considerable trade with other countries. He also became a supporter of the revolution. During the war his home in Brooklyn was vandalized by the British and his home in New York burned to the ground. He escaped to his wife’s home in New Jersey. At the end of the war he had lost his trade and most of his income. His son Matthew Clarkson (1758-1825) had a distinguished record during the Revolution and after the war became director of the Bank of New York. During this time he made good investments and land purchase. It was his daughter, Mary Rutherfurd, who married Peter Augustus Jay.

POLITICS

The change from a new land under the control of England and its King or Holland and the growing realization that independence from these controls was necessary. The development of a Democratic system was a HUGE issue that sparked debates and actions that we are still living with. Again the one relative very much involved in this transition was John Jay. His early friend Robert Livingston was a different story.

JOHN JAY (1724-1829)

Jay was born the same year his father moved the family to Rye NY. He was educated, went to Kings College Law school, and became involved in the revolutionary cause. Part of this is that he courted and married Sarah, a daughter of William Livingston, the Governor of New Jersey, who strongly supported the separation with England. He was a young man at the time. He spent almost the entire Revolution mostly with his wife either in Spain or France. At the end of the war he was the person who negotiated the peace of Paris with the King of England. On return to this country he and his wife and family built a house on Broadway which became there home. He was really the first president of the United States but under the original constitution which had very weak powers for this position. He became very involved with developing a new Constitution and with Washington, Hamilton, Madison, Adams and others became a leader of the Federalist Party. Getting New York to ratify the new Constitution was a major effort for him and he was influential in the meeting at Poughkeepsie that by 3 or 4 votes ratified it. He then served as Governor of New York and moved from New York City to Albany. He retired when his term ended to his new house in Bedford that was built on Van Cortlandt land.

He was also active after the Revolution with spies! Under the Articles of Confederation a committee for detecting and defeating conspiracies was created. This became a Commission. It was made up,of a series of groups established in New York to collect intelligence, apprehend British spies and couriers and examine British sympathizers. Jay became the head of this. This was a secret service with a company of militia under its control that heard over 500 cases involving disloyalty and subversion. It had the power to grant bail or parole, to imprison or deport, to arrest, to convict. Jay was the first chief of counterintelligence.

One of his great friends when in Law School was Robert Livingston, a cousin.

ROBERT LIVINGSTON

The second son of Philip Livingston and Catharina Van Brugh, also Robert,(1688-1775) was known as Robert of Clermont. At the time of his father’s death, Robert was given 13,000 acres in the Southwest corner which became named Clermont. This Robert married Margaret Howarden. They had one son Judge Robert who married Marie Beekman. Their grandson Robert R. (1746-1813) lived during the Revolutionary period. He was a lawyer and a great friend early in his life with John Jay, who then became an enemy!!

A problem Robert had was with this heritage. It was being a Livingston, educated and a large property owner. He had terrible trouble with the democratic principle of allowing the vote to all citizens. He was a real SNOB! He felt that his birth right gave him privilege for political appointments. He yearned for political success which always turned to disasters for him. He seemed to always be the wrong man at the right time. As a young lawyer in 1776, Robert had been appointed one of a committee of five to write the Declaration of Independence. He apparently contributed not a word to this document and was not present when it was signed. When after peace, George Washington was inaugurated as President, Robert delivered the oath of office. He then felt that Washington was obligated to give him a cabinet position. His first choice was Chief Justice. Washington by letter turned him down, and of course the position went to his rival, John Jay. Ugh! During the effort to get the new constitution ratified in 1780 Jay joined with Washington, Madison, Hamilton and others as Federalists, Robert became an anti federalist in opposition. He also ran against Jay for Governor of New York and was badly beaten. He became a Jeffersonian Democrat. In 1798 he was appointed by President Jefferson to go to France and try to negotiate the sale of New Orleans to the United States. After three years of difficult negotiation James Munro was sent to Paris to try and get resolution. After Munro’s arrival Napoleon apparently summoned them and offered what became the Louisiana Purchase. Then Robert tried to change the dates so he would get all the credit! He ended living in Clermont in retirement on his farm.

During the revolution the British made one foray into Clermont and burned his house to the ground for his revolutionary principles. He rebuilt the house.

The Revolution: THE FIGHT FOR DEMOCRACY

These families, except for the Phillips group, all became supportive of the break with Great Britain. Younger members of the families were active in the war in different ways. John Jay was sent first to Spain and then to Paris as a diplomate during the war. He was the person that drafted the peace agreement with England that ended the war. Others were active in the war.

Brigadier General Matthew Clarkson (my third great grandfather)

Matthew Clarkson was a young man of 17 when the war started. He volunteered as an aide to General Benedict Arnold, before Arnold turned to join the British. He was involved with the battle of Fort Ticonderoga, battles on Lake Champlain, and the battle at Saratoga. He became a major during the Saratoga campaign and was present at the surrender of General Burgoyne. He was appointed to the staff of General Benjamin Lincoln and served at the battle of Savannah, the defense of Charleston and the final surrender of Cornwallis at Charlestown. After the war he was commissioned Brigadier General of the militia of Kings and Queens counties and then in 1798 Major General of the Southern District of New York. After the war he married Mary Rutherford and their one child Mary Rutherford Clarkson married the oldest son of John Jay, Peter Augustus.

Letter From George Washington to Matthew Clarkson, 24 June 1782

Major Matthew Clarkson commenced his military Services as a Volunteer early in the present War. In the Year 1777 he received a Majority in the Army of the United States, and was present at the Surrender of Lieut. General Burgoyne at Saratoga, having been active in all the principal antecedent Engagements, which produced that Event—In the Year 1779 was appointed Aide de Camp to Major General Lincoln (now Secretary at War) then commanding Officer in the Southern Department, & in that Character served at the Siege of Savannah. In 1780 he acted as Major of a Corps of Light Infantry during the Siege of Charles-Town. In 1782 He returned to his former Situation as Aide de Camp to Major General Lincoln, and was present at the Reduction of the British Posts of York and Gloucester under the Command of Lieut. General Earl Cornwallis. Soon after this, when Major General Lincoln became Secretary at War, he was appointed his Assistant. In all which Stations, from my own Knowledge and the Reports of the General Officer under whose immediate Orders he has served, I am authorised to declare that He has acquitted himself with great Honour. Given under my Hand And Seal at the Head-Quarters of the American Army the twenty-fourth Day of June in the Year 1782.

Go: Washington

NPotC.

Brigadier General Robert Van Rensselaer (3rd cousin 4x removed)

Several Van Rensselaer men were active during the Revolution. Robert Van Rensselaer was commissioned a Colonel of the Eighth Regiment, Albany County Milita in Oct 1775. He continued to serve and was named Brigadier General, Second Brigade in 1780. He served under his brother in law General Philip Schuyler during the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga. He commanded the militia that pursued and defeated Sir John Johnson when on his raid in the Mohawk Valley in 1780.

Colonel Killian K Van Rensselaer(3rd cousin 4x removed)

He was. Child of Kilian Van Rensselaer and Ariaantie Schuyler. He studied law at Yale and when the war broke out served as a private secretary to his Uncle General Philip Schuyler

Brigadier General Henry Beekman Livingston(2nd cousin 5x removed)

Henry was the younger brother of Robert Livingston. He apparently had a violent temper and had anger at anyone of lesser breed. As soon as the Revolution started he formed his own troop and joined the battle. The first of these was the battle of Long Island which was a major loss of the Patriots. He was left on Long Island with a small group and was successful in harassing the English. He and his Company escaped across the sound. He served under a number of Generals and had problems following orders. He was involved in a number of battles in and around the New York area including the battle of Saratoga. He served under General Philip Schuyler and spent the winter with his troops at Valley Forge. Here they almost froze and starved. He was the Black Sheep of the Livingston family and had as much trouble getting along with them as he did his commanding Generals.

Major General Philip Van Cortlandt (3rd cousin 4xremoved)

He was active in politics. During the Revolution he served as Lieutenant Colonel and involved in the seige of Yorktown. During this he was cited for gallant conduct and mustered out of the service as a Brigadier General. After the war he continued to serve politically and was one of the persons present with John Jay to ratify for New York the new Constitution.

 

 

 

Major General Philip Schuyler(2nd cousin 5x removed)

The Schuyler family were very supportive of the war to separate the State from English control. Philip Schuyler took an active lead in this. He was a very large land owner in the Albany area. He was made a Major General and took command of the area surrounding Albany. This became an active battle front as the English made their way down Lake Champlain to Saratoga. He was not well and forced to give up his command quite early. General Horatio Gates was in command at the time of the battle of Saratoga. Several relatives served under him including Matthew Clarkson, Robert Van Rensselaer, and Henry Livingston.

SEPARATION FROM ENGLAND

The Revolution came to an end. The political definition of the new country slowly emerged. The English left New York. A new constitution that gave more central power but maintained the role of the States emerged. This meant a stronger central government with a presidential branch, a legislative branch, and a judicial branch. A bill of rights was passed. The scars of the war were diminished. Trade resumed. And we were free but still had a lot of problems to contend with.

CLARKSON FAMILY

GENEAOLOGIES AND FAMILY HISTORY OF SOUTHERN NEW YORK AND THE HUDSON RIVER VALLEY
A Record of the Achievements of Her People in the Making of a Commonwealth and the Building of a Nation

VOL. Ill ILLUSTRATED NEW YORK

LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 1914

I believe this was taken from Matthew Clarkson book on the history of the Clarkson Family

The family of Clarkson in CLARKSON America dates from January 29, 1691, when Matthew Clarkson arrived in New York City from England. Respected in the other country centuries ago, so has it continued to be here. It has given its share of patriots of prominence in the olden times and statesmen of standing after this government was formed. When heads of the best families in New York were in the main merchants, members of this family so engaged were men of integrity and, moreover, with their wealth, worked to benefit the worthy by activity on philanthropic and educational boards. The Clarkson arms, as borne by those of the name in America are: Argent, on a bend engrailed sable three annulets or; the crest, a griffin’s head couped between two wings proper.

(I)The line of descent takes one to Robert Clarkson, grandfather of the progenitor, and the reliable record found regarding him is that of his marriage to Agnes Lily, on September 9, 1610. Of the parish church of St. Peter, at Bradford, Yorkshire, England, he became warden in 1615, and it is at this place the name of Clarkson may be traced for five hundred years further back. From what is learned from the various entries upon registers, etc., one is able to state with conviction most positive that they possessed social standing, wealth, influence and excellent rank among families of their district in England. Through the total destruction of the old family home in Whitehall street in the New York conflagration of 1776, the most valuable early records were wiped out, so that what is known now is due to diligent research by members of the family.

Robert Clarkson served with the vicar as trustee for the sale of the Manor of Bradford some years after becoming the warden, yet he was a Puritan by inclination. At Bradford, he possessed a large estate, also at Idle, at Pudsey and at Manningham. He died March io, 1632, and was buried at St. Peter’s, which was a special privilege. He married (for his second wife), October 4, 1629, Hester, widow of Ezekiel Tailer, recorded as “per licentia,” which was peculiar, and seldom so unless among the highest gentry. His children were by his first wife.

Children: 1. Rev. William, became vicar of Adel, near Leeds, and held the “Lordship of Idle,” marrying Mary Clarkson. 2. Mary. 3. Robert, removed to London, where he became alderman and amassed a fortune equal to $200,000, marrying Hannah Taylor. 4. Rev. David, see forward. 5. Hester.

(II) Rev. David Clarkson, son of Robert Clarkson, was baptized at Bradford, England, March 3, 1622; was admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge University, in 1641; was captured by Royalists in 1642, and after being confined ten months was released in time to take his degree. In 1645 he was appointed to a fellowship at Clare Hall, Cambridge, continuing for six years, when he served as minister at Crayford in Kent; then at Mortlake, in Surrey; but was rejected in 1662, by the terms of the Act of Uniformity. He engaged in a series of religious controversies, championing the cause of non-conformity vigorishly with his pen. He was a colleague of Dr. John Owen, in 1682, as pastor of an independent London church, succeeding the latter when he died. Reviews of his life speak of him as “a divine of extraordinary worth for solid judgment, healing, moderate principles, acquaintance with the fathers, great ministerial abilities and a godly, upright life.” His discourses were published in 1696. He died in the parish of St. Dunstan, Stepney, June 14, 1686.

Rev. David Clarkson married (first) in 1651, the daughter of Sir Henry Holcroft, Knight, of East Ham, Essex. He married (second) Elizabeth, widow of Wolrave Lodwick, daughter of Matthew Kenrick, of London, a Welsh family, claiming descent from David Kenrick, standard-bearer to the Black Prince, of Edward III.’s time. Children: Lettice; Matthew, see forward; Rebecca; David, married Lady Sands, widow of Sir William Sands; Gertrude; Robert; Katharine.

(lll) Matthew Clarkson, son of Rev. David Clarkson, was born in England, died in New York City, July 20, 1702. He was a nonconformist, as his father had been, and with his half-brother, Charles Lodwick, came to New York about 1685. The latter was a prosperous merchant here, and became mayor of the city. Matthew Clarkson returned to England after the revolution which placed William and Mary on the throne, and he petitioned to be made secretary of the Colony of New York, one of those signing this petition being the famous author, Daniel Defoe. He was finally appointed, and sailed with the newly-chosen governor, Colonel Henry Sloughter, on December 1, 1690. When he arrived here, several months later, he found that the government was in much confusion owing to the acts of Jacob Leisler, consequently he became engaged at once in an acrimonious struggle to obtain and maintain position, which resulted in holding office nominally while denied the emoluments. It was an unpleasant predicament, especially to hold such position with any degree of dignity, and yet he succeeded in winning great respect, for he did not rely upon office for standing.

Matthew Clarkson married, January 19, 1692, Catherine Van Schaick. She was the daughter of Hon. Goozen Gerritse Van Schaick, one of the earliest settlers of Beverwyck, or Albany, New York, who was prominent.

Children: 1. Elizabeth, died in infancy. 2. David, see forward. 3. Levinus, born in New York City; removed to Holland, where he died unmarried. 4. Matthew, baptized April 9, 1699, died 1739; married, June 1, 1718, Cornelia de Peyster, and had ten children, one of whom, Matthew, became mayor of Philadelphia and was delegate to constitutional convention. 5. Anna.

(IV) David (2) Clarkson, son of Matthew and’Catherine (Van Schaick) Clarkson, was born in New York City, January 19, 1694, baptized in the old Dutch church in Garden street, August 19,1694, died in New York City, April 7, 1751. Before he was eight years old both parents had died, consequently he went to live with a maiden aunt, Margrieta Van Schaick, and it is believed that he was subsequently sent to his relatives in England for rearing and to be better educated, for he engaged in mercantile pursuits there in 1718, when twenty-four years old. He came back to New York, and at first acquired an interest in ocean-going vessels; then becoming successful as a merchant; was an owner of several, carrying on an export trade. He was a representative to the provincial assembly from 1739 to 1751, with the exception of an interval of a year and a half, and was a patriotic citizen whenever encroachments of the crown aroused the people.

David Clarkson married, New York City, January 25, 1724, Ann Margaret Freeman, daughter of Rev. Bernardus and Margrieta (Van Schaick) Freeman, the latter being his mother’s sister, his aunt.

Children: 1. Freeman, died unmarried. 2. David, see forward.

3. Matthew, born March 12, 1733, died September 25, 1772; married, June 1, 1758, Elizabeth de Peyster; by whom: David M., married Mary Van Horne, and Matthew, married Belinda Smith. 4. Levinus, died in infancy. 5. Levinus, born October 8, 1740, died May 24, 1798; married, February 21, 1763, Mary Van Horne, whose two children, Charles and Henriette left issue, the former marrying Elizabeth, daughter of John Vanderbilt, and the latter marrying Freeman Clarkson, her cousin.

(V) David (3) Clarkson, son of David (2) and Ann Margaret (Freeman) Clarkson, was born in New York City, June 3, 1726, died at Flatbush, New York, November 14, 1782. He was given his early education in Europe, and continued to reside abroad until he was twenty-three years old. When he returned to America he engaged in business and had a large trade with many foreign countries. He built a home on Whitehall street, employing therefor Andrew Gaurtier, who subsequently constructed St. Paul’s Chapel. In those days lotteries were popular, often conducted by the states, especially when raising funds for educational and philanthropic work, and in 1754 he was the winner of one-half of the capital prize in the lottery for founding the British Museum, which yielded him the handsome sum of $25,000. He added underwriting to his business and became one of the wealthy citizens. When his brother, Matthew, who lived at Flatbush, died, he purchased the homestead and used it as his country seat. In April, 1775, he participated in the meeting of Kings county which chose delegates to a provincial convention. He was a member of the New York committee of one hundred and a delegate from New York City to the provincial convention, in which body he figured prominently. He was one of three citizens who offered to guarantee advances of money made to the colony for emergent purposes, the amount being $7,500. The command of a regiment was extended to him in 1775, but he declined. When the great fight took place on Long Island, in 1776, his house was rifled by the British, and his city home was entirely destroyed by fire, September 21, 1776, at which time the family lost its handsome furnishings and valuable records. Accordingly he removed to New Brunswick, New Jersey, but later returned to Flatbush. He was a member of the first board of governors of King’s College, 1754; was an original governor of the New York Hospital, 1770, and both vestryman and warden of Trinity parish, in fact a valued resident of the community.

David Clarkson married, New York City, May 3, 1749, Elizabeth, daughter of Philip and Susanna (Brockholles) French, granddaughter of Governor Anthony Brockholles. Philip French was the son of Philip and Anne (Philipse) French, the latter being the daughter of Frederick Philipse.

Children: 1. David, born in New York City, November 15, 1751, died June 27, 1825. 2. Freeman, born February 23, 1756, died November 14, 1810; married Henrietta Clarkson; by whom: William Kemble, married Elizabeth Van Tuyl; Charles, married Elizabeth Lawrence; Freeman, married Catherine Balch; Elizabeth, unmarried. 3. Matthew, see forward. 4. Ann Margaret, born February 3, 1761, died November 2, 1824; married, November 16, 1784, Garrit Van Home, whose married children were: Mary Elizabeth, married James Peter Van Horne; Mary Joanna, married Adam Norrie, of Scotland. ?. Thomas Streatfeild, born April 5, 1763, died June 8, 1844; married, October 30, 1790, Elizabeth Van Horne; he was a partner of his two brothers, conducting a large foreign trade at the northwest corner of Stone and Mill streets in New York, owning a number of vessels; their married children were: David Augustus, married Margaret Livingston; Elizabeth Streatfeild, married David Clarkson; Thomas Streatfeild, married Elizabeth Clarkson; Frances Selina, married Augustus Levinus Clarkson; Ann Augusta, married Clermont Livingston, and the unmarried children were: Frederica Cortlandt, Anna Maria, Frederica, Emily Vallete, Ann Margaret and Mary Matilda. 6. Levinus, bor n March 31. 1765, died September 28, 1845; married, February 25, 1797, Ann Mary Van Horne, and their married children were: Augustus Levinus, married (first) Frances Selina Clarkson, married (second) Emily C. McVickar; David L., married Margaret De Longy; Elizabeth, married Thomas Streatfeild Clarkson; Levinus, married Mary Livingston.


(VI) General Matthew (2) Clarkson, son of David (3) and Elizabeth (French) Clarkson, was born at his parents’ home on Whitehall street in New York City, October 17, 1758, died there, April 1825, and was buried at Flatbush, Long Island. He was receiving what was considered the best education of his day when the revolution broke out, and in 1775, before he was eighteen years of age, he enlisted as a private in a corps of American fusileers under command of Richard Ritzema. In February, 1776, he applied for appointment in one of the battalions being raised in New York, the former command not having been called upon to do active service, and on failing to be so appointed he joined a volunteer company which was commanded by his brother, David, and forming a part of the regiment of Colonel Josiah Smith. While in this command, he participated in the famous battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776, and was in the retreat of General Washington’s army when it was obliged to move westward and cross the river into New York City. He was appointed aide-de-camp on the staff of General Benedict Arnold, with the rank of major, July, 1777, on the recommendation of General Nathaniel Greene, and immediately filled the post. This took him into the division of General Philip Schuyler, who was expecting the advance of the large British army under General Burgoyne, who was advancing from Canada, and taking the water route had proceeded as far as Fort Ticonderoga, on Lake Champlain, with little hindrance. He was wounded in an encounter at Fort Edward, New York, while endeavoring to rally a detachment which had been put to flight by the Indian allies of the British, but nevertheless he continued in active service until on October 17, 1777, Burgoyne surrendered at old Saratoga, or Schuylerville, this date peculiarly being the nineteenth birthday of General Clarkson, then major. When the famous American artist, John Trumbull, about a century ago, painted the picture of this great event in this country’s history on the walls of the rotunda at Washington, he included Major Clarkson’s portrait in the group of officers. He was wounded another time. It was during the battle of Stillwater, to the north of Albany, when struck in the neck with a ball while he was carrying an order of his general to the commanding officer of the left wing.

During the time General Arnold was in Philadelphia, Major Clarkson continued as his aide, and it was a little later, or in 1778, that he became engaged in a very bitter controversy with Thomas Paine through the medium of the newspaper. Paine was secretary for foreign affairs, and by reason of the heated argument was led into the act of giving government secrets to the public, which resulted in his forced resignation from the high political office. Major Clarkson was summoned to testify at the time of the proceedings of the civil authorities against General Arnold by the state of Pennsylvania, by reason of the latter’s conduct in the Philadelphia command. Major Clarkson refused to testify on the ground that a military officer was not subject to their jurisdiction. Congress took up the matter, with the result that he was reprimanded; but at the same time congress granted his application for permission to join the southern division of the army. Bearing a letter from Hon. John Jay, which spoke in unstinted praise of his ability, in the summer of 1779, Major Clarkson presented himself to General Benjamin Lincoln, of South Carolina, and was immediately attached to his staff. While in this position, he distinguished himself in an assault made on Savannah, Georgia, in the fall of that year, and he was the one to bear despatches to General Washington and congress which announced the unpleasant news of the enterprise’s failure. He was one of the staff officers who voted against the capitulation of Charleston. When that city surrendered, May 12, 1780, he was made a prisoner, but although paroled later on, he was not exchanged until late in the war. He was a determined patriot, for so soon as he was at liberty he cast his lot with a French naval expedition, sailing from Newport, which took sharp action with British vessels off the Virginia capes. He joined General Lincoln again as aide-de-camp in February, 1781, and took active part in all the large operations at the end of the war, being present at the surrender of Yorktown. Under Secretary of War Lincoln, he was made assistant. Congress granted him permission to engage in the French service in the West Indies, but through lack of warfare of any note he did not go there. He was commissioned brevet-lieutenant-colonel on November 1, 1783, and when peace was declared, retired. His valiant service put him in the position to become one of the early and most worthy members of the Society of the Cincinnati.

General Clarkson was chosen regent of the State University of New York, in 1784, and in the interest of that institution visited Europe. On his return to this country he married, and presently engaged in business, in connection with John Vanderbilt. He was appointed brigadier-general of the militia of Kings and Queens counties, in June, 1786. Among those concerned in the rebuilding of Trinity Church, he was one of the most prominent, and was made a vestryman. In political life he served as member of assembly, 1789-90, and had the honor of introducing a bill providing for the gradual abolition of slavery in New York. For a period, he was United States marshal for the New York district, served as state senator, 1794-95, and for a long time was commissioner of United States loans.

He was commissioned major-general of the southern district of New York, in 1798, and filled this position until he resigned in 1801. The following year, he was the Federalist candidate for the United States senate, and at the election received a majority of the votes of the upper house of the state legislature; but was finally defeated by the Hon. De Witt Clinton. He was elected president of the New York Hospital in 1799, a position held by his father before him; was one of the original vice-presidents of the American Bible Society, and president of the Bank of New York, 1804-25. So highly eminent a man as Chancellor Kent had a fine and true conception of his associate that his words merit the space in presenting and preserving a description of General Clarksons character:

No person appeared to me more entirely exempted from the baneful influence of narrow and selfish considerations, or who pursued more steadily and successfully the vivid lights of Christian philanthropy. He was eminently distinguished in the whole course of his life for benevolence of temper, for purity of principle, for an active and zealous discharge of duty, for simplicity of manner, for unpretending modesty of deportment, and for integrity of heart. It was his business and delight to afford consolation to the distressed, to relieve the wants of the needy, to instruct the ignorant, to reclaim the viscious, to visit the fatherless and widow in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world. Such a portrait is not to be drawn from all the records of heathen antiquity. It presents an elevation of moral grandeur “above all Greek, above all Roman fame.” It belongs to Christianity alone to form and to animate such a character.

General Matthew Clarkson married (first) May 24, 1785, Mary, daughter of Walter and Catherine (Alexander) Rutherfurd. He was the son of Sir John Rutherfurd, of Edgerston, Scotland, the younger brother of Hon. Robert, Baron Rutherfurd, and Catherine Alexander was the daughter of James Alexander, celebrated as a colonial lawyer, and sister of Major-General William Alexander, titular Lord Stirling, of revolutionary fame. Mrs. Clarkson died July 2, 1786. General Clarkson married (second) February 14, 1792, Sally, daughter of Samuel and Susan (Mabson) Cornell. Samuel Cornell was a descendant of Richard Cornell, an early settler on Long Island and the owner of much property in North Carolina, but who lost it by confiscation, being a Tory. By the first marriage he had a single child, and six by the latter marriage.

Children: 1. Mary Rutherfurd, born July 2, 1786, died December 24, 1838; married, July 29, 1807, Peter Augustus Jay, eldest son of Chief Justice John Jay and his wife, Sarah Van Brugh (Livingston) Jay.

(VII) David (4) Clarkson, son of General Matthew (2) and Sarah (Cornell) Clarkson, was born March 27, 1795, died June 3, 1867. He was a man who added distinction in more modern times to a family name already famous, leaving a reputation which has brought the family in every branch to be respected in the metropolis. While he lived.no one in the city held more honored reputation. In more than one way did he gain this prominence, even had he not been the son of an honored father. He was president of the New York Stock Exchange for many years, and a memorial in citing the many admirable qualities of his character says of him: “By the amenity of his manners, his high sense of honor, and his great executive ability, he won the personal respect and deference of its members.” After holding this position of eminence in the financial world, he was chosen president of the Gallatin Fire Insurance Company, and acted as such almost to the time of his death. He took a natural and great interest in a number of New York’s most worthy charities. In this respect he did not require urging, but was the one to draw others into co-operation, and in this field was appreciated by many boards of benevolent institutions. He was a long time a governor of the New York Hospital, following in this in the footsteps of father and grandfather, so that for one complete century, from 1770, when the board organized, to 1870, the name was on the board. David Clarkson married, March 27, 1822, Elizabeth Streatfeild Clarkson (his cousin), who died February 11, 1886, child of Thomas Streatfeild and Elizabeth (Van Horne) Clarkson.

Children: 1. Matthew, see forward. 2. Thomas Streatfeild, born December 16, 1824, died September 15, 1902, in New York City; married, December 16, 1852, Ann Mary Clarkson, daughter of Thomas Streatfeild and Elizabeth (Clarkson) Clarkson, who died in New York City, April 7, 1895 ; by whom: Annie and Emily Vallete, the latter marrying, July 31, 1901, William A. Moore.

FAMILY OF HENRY AUGUSTUS Du BOIS and CATHARINE HELENA JAY

HENRY AUGUSTUS Du BOIS married CATHARINE HELENA JAY

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Catharine Helena JAY’s Grandfather of course had been very much involved in the Colonies separation from England and the development of our Democracy. JOHN JAY had married Sarah LIVINGSTON, a daughter of the then Governor of New Jersey, William LIVINGSTON He was one of the early patriots and revolutionary founders of this country. During the Revolution he had been sent to Spain to try and negotiate support from the wealthy Spanish crown, then had gone to Paris to negotiate with Benjamin Franklin and Henry Laurens the peace treaty with the English, had return, been made Chief Justice of the new court by George Washington and then negotiated another unpopular treaty with England, and ended as Governor of New York and worked to pass the ratification of the new Constitution while Governor.

Their oldest son, Peter Augustus Jay, who married Mary Rutherfurd Clarkson, became a successful lawyer in New York City. They had eight children, four daughters of whom Catharine was the third. Peter Augustus Jay (January 24, 1776 – February 22, 1843) was the eldest son of New York’s only native Founding Father, John Jay. Peter was one of 6 children born to John Jay and Sarah Livingston Jay, and one of 2 boys (brother William was born in 1789) with 4 sisters: Susan (born and died in 1780); Maria (b. 1782), Ann (b. 1783) and Sarah Louisa (b. 1792)

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Peter Augustus Jay was born at “Liberty Hall,” in 1776, at the home of his grandparents’, the Livingstons, in Elizabethtown, New Jersey. Like his father, he graduated from King’s College, the precursor of Columbia University. Notably following his graduation in 1794, Peter Augustus acted as private secretary to his father in London for the Jay Treaty.[1] The young Jay studied law and established a practice in New York City with his cousin Peter Jay Munro, carrying on a family tradition of public service. He married Mary Rutherfurd Clarkson, daughter of General Matthew Clarkson, in 1807 [2 ][3 ] and they had 8 children. From 1812 – 1817, Peter Augustus Jay helped found the Bank for Savings (thereby contributing to the establishment of the New York State savings bank system). As a Federalist, he was a member from New York City of the New York State Assembly in 1816, during which time he was active in arranging the financing for the construction of the Erie Canal. He ran many times for Congress, but was always defeated by the Democratic-Republican candidates. From 1819 to 1821, he was Recorder of New York City. He was a delegate from Westchester Co. to the New York State Constitutional Convention of 1821. He helped found the New York Law Institute in 1828, which today is the oldest law library in New York City. Jay was President of New York Hospital (1827-1833), Chairman of the Board of Trustees, King’s College and President of the New York Historical Society (1840-1842). [4] For a time he was also a Westchester County Judge.[5]

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The Rye House: Under his father’s aegis, Peter Augustus installed European styled stone ha-has on the property and planted elm trees. His father John Jay died in 1829. In 1836, Peter Augustus contracted with a builder, Edwin Bishop, to take down the failing farmhouse that had been barraged by the British during the Revolutionary War. Reusing structural elements from “The Locusts” where his father grew up as a boy, Peter Augustus Jay helped create the Greek Revivalmansion that stands there today. Unfortunately his wife Mary would not live to see the house completed, as she died in Madeira on December 24, 1838. Peter Augustus Jay died in 1843 and the Rye house passed to his son, John Clarkson Jay.[8

Mary Rutherford CLARKSON’s father, Matthew Clarkson (October 17, 1758 – April 25, 1825) was an American Revolutionary War soldier and a politician in New York State. The town of Clarkson in Western New York was named after him. He was a great uncle of Thomas S. Clarkson, a member of the family who founded Clarkson University. Matthew Clarkson was born October 17, 1758 in New York to David and Elizabeth Clarkson. He was the great-great-grandson of Reverend David Clarkson (1622–1686), a notable Puritan clergyman in Yorkshire, England, whose sermons included “The Doctrine of Justification is Dangerously Corrupted by the Roman Church.” His great-grandfather was Matthew Clarkson who came to New York from England in 1690 as Secretary of the Province. He married Mary Rutherford on May 24, 1785, and Sarah Cornell on February 14, 1792. Clarkson died April 25, 1825.

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He served in the Revolutionary War, first on Long Island, subsequently under Benedict Arnold. He was at Saratoga and, later, on the staff of General Benjamin Lincoln, was present at the surrender of Burgoyne at Savannah (1779) and at the defense of Charleston (1780). He was also present at the surrender of Cornwallis. After the war, Clarkson was commissioned brigadier general of militia of Kings and Queens Counties in June 1786 and Major General of the Southern District of New York in March 1798. [edit]Political service When the war ended, Lincoln became Secretary of War and Clarkson became his assistant. He served as a member of the New York State Assembly for one term (1789–1790) and introduced a bill for the gradual abolition of slavery in the State. As a Regent of the University of the State of New York he was presented at the court of French King Louis XVI. He served as U.S. Marshal (1791–1792), State Senator 1794-1795, a member of the commission to build a new prison 1796-1797 and President of the New York (City) Hospital (1799). In 1802, Clarkson was the Federalist candidate for U.S. Senator from New York but was defeated by DeWitt Clinton. He was President of the Bank of New York from 1804 until his death in 1825. [edit]Town of Clarkson On April 2, 1819, the town of Clarkson was established by the New York State Legislature and named in honor of General Clarkson. Although there is no evidence that he ever lived in Western New York, he reportedly owned a sizable amount of land there, and he gave 100 acres (405,000 m²) to the town.

Children of Henry Augustus Du BOIS and Catharine Helena JAY
1. Col. Cornelius Jay DuBois, M.D., b. N. Y. City, Aug. 31, 1836; d. New Haven, Conn., Feb. 11, 1880
2. Peter A. Jay DuBois, b. Madiera, Spain Feb. 23, 1839; d. June 3, 1839. 3430.
3. Major Henry A. DuBois, Jr., M.D., b NY City. June 26, 1840; m. Emily M. Blois. He was Surgeon in regular army, and served in Civil War. They had 4 children.
4. John Jay Dubois, b.Newton Falls, June 6, 1846; d. Nov. 11, 1898. 3432.
5. Augustus Jay DuBois, b. Newton Falls Apr. 22, 1849; m. Adeline Blakeslee.
6. Alfred Wagstaff Dubois, b. Newton Falls Dec. 30, 1852. d. 17 May 1900 m Anna M Lictenberg
7. Mary Rutherford Dubois, b.NY City May 22, 1854. d Nov 6, 1919
8. Robert Ogden Dubois, b New Haven CT Jan. 19, 1860; d. Mar. 9, 1895; m. ■, Alice Mason. They had three children

CORNELIUS JAY Du BOIS

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Col. Cornelius Jay DuBois, M.D., b. N. Y. City, Aug. 31, 1836; d. New Haven, Conn., Feb. 11, 1880. Grad. Columbia Law School in 1861; on outbreak of Civil War went to Washington with 7th Reg1t; recruited Co. D. 27th Conn. Vols, at New Haven and was made Capt.; served under Gen. Hancock in Zooks1s Brigade at Aquia Creek, Falmouth, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville; was severely wounded at Gettysburg, July 2, 1863; rescued by brother, Dr. Henry A. DuBois3430, Ass1t Surgeon reg. army, but never fully recovered from wound; Gen. Hancock testified to his father there was never a more gallant charge, and Col. Brook said there never was a more gallant soldier in the army than Capt. DuBois. After partial recovery he became Adjutant of 20th Conn. Vols., and served under Hooker and Sherman in Georgia; in battle of Resaca, he seized colors from wounded bearer and planted them on summit of enemy1s position; brevetted Major by Pres. U. S. for bravery at Gettysburg, and Lieut. Col. for gallantry at Resaca; July, 1866, received degree of M.D. at Yale Medical College, and went abroad for health; on return spent balance of life at New Haven, bearing his sufferings with the same courage displayed in military action.

HENRY AUGUSTUS Du BOIS married EMILY M BLOIS

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Their second son, Henry after the CivilWar, served with Indian Service in New Mexico. He moved to Mann County in California about 1868. Two of his brothers lived with him for a time. He was married to Emily Blois in 1880. They had four children .

BioYale: . Henry Augustus DuBois, M.D., b. at the residence of his g. f. DuBois, n. w. cor. Broadway and 8th street, June 26, 1840 ; Yale B.P., 1859; April 25, 1861, he joined the 12th Regiment of N.Y.S.N.G. as Hospital Steward, in a few weeks was examined for Asst. Surgeon, U.S.A., and passed No. 3 out of 40 applicants; Aug. 28, 186 1, was under Dr. Abadie in the Columbian Hospital, Washington, but was soon put in full charge. He served in the 6th U. S. Cavalry as Inspector of Cavalry ; May, 1862, Asst, Med. Director of the Army of the Potomac, subsequently Medical In-spector of the Artillery Reserve under Gen. Hunt ; was at the H of Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, etc., in all about 40 battles ; 1864, Inspector of Hospitals at headquarters of the Army of the Potomac ; in June, 1864, on Gen. Sheridan’s staff; Aug., 1864, appointed Asst. Med. Director of the Middle MilitaryDivision of Va., on Sheridan’s staff, and was with him in all his battles, and present at Lee’s surrender ; brevetted by the President Captain, and subsequently Brevet Major. In 1865, took charge of the U. S. Laboratory in Phil. ; May, 1866, sent to Fort Union, New Mexico ; resigned Feb. 21, 1868, and is now practising medicine in San Rafael, Cal., where he has founded a cemetery (Temaulpas), of which he is Comptroller ; delivered in Yale Medical Coll., April, i860, a course of lectures on Toxicology. Confirmed by Bishop Williams, in St. Paul’s, New Haven; m. in 5th Avenue Church, by Rev. John Hall, D.D., Dec. i, 1880, Emily, dau. of Hannah MariaFerris (dau. of Miss Schieffelin, who was dau. of Hannah Lawrence and Schieffelin), and Samuel Blois, M.D. i child.

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The following article was written by Marilyn L Geary and published in the SanRafael paper. “DR Henry Augustus DuBois, Jr. settled in San Rafael in 1869 after serving as a surgeon in the Civil War and in the Indian Wars of New Mexico. Born to a wealthy East Coast family, Yale-educated Dr. DuBois was a great-grandson of John Jay, the first Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court and a president of the Continental Congress. In his memoirs, William Kent described DuBois as “a New Englander and a straight-laced and proper citizen. He was educated, skillful and much esteemed.” Chickahominy Fever Dr. DuBois may have been lured to San Rafael by its healthy climate. In the California Medical Society’s journal, Dr. DuBois recommended San Rafael as ideal for a “sanitarium for chronic diseases.” During the Civil War, DuBois had contracted Chickahominy fever, a camp fever with symptoms of typhoid and malaria named for the mosquito-ridden swamps of the Chickahominy River in Virginia. The 1870 Census shows Dr. DuBois residing with 40-year-old Dr. Alfred Taliaferro, the first physician to practice in Marin. They lived in San Rafael Village with a 23-year old Chinese servant named Ah Poy. Dr. DuBois subsequently purchased land west of San Rafael at the end of today’s Fifth Street in what was called Forbes Valley. His land was far removed from town and included a section of Red Hill. Burials Prohibited When Dr. DuBois arrived in San Rafael, the town was growing fast, and the cemetery at St. Paul’s Episcopal Churchyard, Fourth and E Streets, could not keep up. In 1876, two years after San Rafael incorporated, town trustee Dr. Taliaferro proposed and got passed an ordinance prohibiting burials within San Rafael’s town limits. On Sept. 14, 1876, theMarin County Journal reported on a town meeting held to determine where to locate a new cemetery: “Nearly all the money and land kings were present.” Among several bids, Dr. DuBois offered a portion of his ranch for $13,000. The town trustees took no action, and the law to prohibit burials in town limits was rescinded. It was deemed “better to double up in the old yard than keep the dead above ground.” A Committee of One Not one to dawdle, by June 1878 Dr. DuBois had 40 men working on 113 acres of his land to build the new cemetery. He later stated, “I organized myself a committee of one.” He put enormous funds and energies into the venture, planting myrtle and ivy by the wagonload, laying out miles of roadways, setting out 2,000 trees and thousands of flowers. In September the Marin Journal reported that Dr. DuBois was doing a great amount of work. Schooners came up San Rafael Creek to First and C streets with loads of urns, fountains, sample monuments, granite walls and fences. DuBois had drawn up plans for a bell tower and an artesian well 2,000 feet deep. In December 1879 the Marin Journal reported that Dr. DuBois had toured 42 cemeteries in the East to collect drawings, photos, maps, statistics on water supply and other cemetery best practices. DuBois’ Folly In the late 1800s cemeteries were designed as parks for picnics and Sunday outings. DuBois expected that the cemetery would be a favorite destination and built miles of access roads. As he owned a portion of Red Hill, he hired Chinese laborers to build a zig-zag road up its heights to provide access from San Anselmo. Too steep for horse and buggy, the project gained the label “.” The Mt. Tamalpais Cemetery was dedicated in August 1879. It eventually served some of San Rafael’s most prominent families, including the Dollars and the Boyds. DuBois’ horizons, however, stretched beyond Marin. In January 1880 Dr. DuBois wrote in the Marin County Journal: “It is believed that, with the example of New York City, many burials from San Francisco will take place here…Objections [are] that San Francisco funerals must come on the boat and pass through town, but the midday, little-used boat will be used and funerals can pass on streets with few houses. Friends prophesy I will be ruined…I have been ruined so frequently – at least my friends have so prophesied – that I don’t mind it a bit.” Dr. DuBois built a number of artificial lakes at the cemetery. In 1881, reporting that the carp had multiplied from 11 to over 750, he suggested, “Carp raising would be a good industry here.”San Rafael in Denver? In 1874 Dr. DuBois platted a development in Denver, Colorado, which he named San Rafael for his California home. He expanded this subdivision in 1882 and 1886 as demand increased for more lots.The area, located 8 blocks northeast of downtown Denver, is now a heritage district on the National Register of Historic Places. An early advertisement described it as “beautifully located overlooking the city with a glorious view of the mountains.” Despite his activities in Denver, DuBois remained in San Rafael, Calif., where two of his siblings joined him. In 1880 he lived with his brother Alfred W. DuBois, a 28-year old Chinese servant Ah Jim and a 44-year-old servant Amelia Schuthris. Later that year, Dr. DuBois married Emily M. Blois, and they subsequently had four children. The Vaccine Farm : Building a cemetery, a residential neighborhood in a distant city, and a new family is more than enough to manage, but Dr. DuBois saw problems as opportunities. In the 1880s, vaccine panics often accompanied smallpox epidemics. Summer heat precluded transporting fresh vaccine from the East, and vaccine became scarce. The Pacific Coast Vaccine Farm didn’t last. Dr. DuBois died May 27, 1897 at age 55 of the typhoid fever he contracted in the Virginia swamps. Du Bois Street in San Rafael is named for another DuBois, but Dr. Henry A. DuBois Jr.’s legacy lives on in Mt. Tamalpais Cemetery and in Denver’s historic San Rafael district.”

JOHN JAY Du BOIS

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John Jay Du BOIS was a lawyer and lived part of his life in San Rafael, California with his brother Henry. He was unmarried

AUGUSTUS JAY Du BOIS married Adeline BLAKESLEE

Augustus Jay Du BOIS married Adeline Blakeslee and lived in New Haven. He was the Professor of Civil Engineering at the Sheffield School of Engineering, part of Yale University. They had no children.

ALFRED WAGSTAFF DuBOIS married ANNA LICHTENBERG

Alfred Wagstaff Du BOIS married Anna Lichtenberg. He lived for a period with his brother Henry in California. He died in Paris of a “hemorrhage” at age 47.  Aunt ANNA continued to live in San Francisco.

MARY RUTHERFURD Du BOIS

Mary Rutherfurd Du BOIS was unmarried and lived and died in New Haven.

ROBERT OGDEN Du Bois married ALICE MASON

The youngest child, Robert Ogden Du BOIS was born in new Haven in 1860 the time of the Civil War. He went to Yale and then Yale Medical School. He then moved to New York City and opened a medical practice specializing in ENT problems. In 1889 he married Alice Mason, the daughter of Rev Arthur Mason and from the family of Jonathan Mason from Boston. They had three children, Arthur, Helen and Robert. Unfortunately he had Rhumatic Fever as a child, developed heart disease and died of congestive heart failure when he was 36. His wife Alice died soon after. Their three children were brought up by their Mason Uncle, called Boompa!

Her father, Arthur Mason was born in Boston in 1837. He graduated from Trinity College. He studied in Geneva and returned to enter Berkley Divinity School in Middleton, Ct. He married Amelia Caroline Taylor, He was Rector of a number of churches in Mass, New Haven and New York City. He died at his home in New York City in 1907 and was buried in the Woodlawn Cemetery.

Her mother, Amelia Caroline Taylor was born in Cuba. Her father was a successful sugar Merchant there. He lived in Cuba until 1848 when they returned to Baltimore, Md. His father had also been active in sugar trade with Cuba and had been active in Baltimore political life. He was involved in the War of 1812. He also was one of the managers of a statue erected to honor George Washington in Baltimore

The couple had four children, a son and four daughters. Alexander T Mason, the oldest, became active in NY Politics and was the Republican Leader of the 29th Assembly District. The oldest daughter, Isabella married Mansel Van Rensselaer and they had four children, Bernard, Arthur, Maud and Alexander. The next oldest daughter, Alice married Robert Ogden Du Bois and they had three children, Arthur, Helen and Robert, The youngest daughters, ”Maud and Teddy” never married

Her grandfather, Jonathan Mason, Jr., of Boston, was a portrait and figure painter, student of Gilbert Stuart, friend or acquaintance of virtually every major American artist of the nineteenth century. His father Jonathan died in 1831. He himself was married to Isabella Weyman in Italy in 1834. The sculptor Horatio Greenough was one of the witnesses. They had six children: sons Charles, Arthur, Herbert, and Philip, and two daughters, Isabelle (who married Charles Hook Appleton) and another who married William Sturgis Hooper. Arthur became an ordained minister. Herbert and Philip served in the Union army during the Civil War; Philip died from wounds in July 1864 and was interred atMount Auburn Cemetery.

Her Great Grandfather was Senator Jonathen Mason who was born in Boston and graduated from Boston Latin School and Princeton University. He studied law and was admitted to the Mass bar in 1779. He served in the Mass House of Representatives and in the Senate from 1786 to 1800. In 1800 he was elected to the United States Senate where he served from 1800 to 1803. He then returned to the Mass Senate and returned to Washington as a member of the House from 1817 to 1820. He married Susannah Powell whose family had immigrated from Wales and were early settlers of Vermont. Senator Mason was a friend of Gilbert Stuart and urged him to move to Boston. Portraits of them done by Stuart hung in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston

The oldest son, my father, Arthur Mason Du BOIS, Birth Nov 4, 1890 in New York Death Dec 1979 in New York married my mother, MARIE LOUISE DIXON+*Birth 15 Dec 1895 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York, Death 03 JUL 1943 in Hewlett, Nassau, New York, They had two children. Both are buried in the Jay Cemetery. Married Cornelia Prime COSTER Birth 6 Feb 1901 in New York, New York, Death 11 Dec 1956 in New York,

M. LOUISE Dixon Du BOIS was active in the formation of the New York Junior League. She had an active interest in history and documented the genealogy of my ancestors. This is kept at the Jay Homestead in Rye and as part of their exhibition.

Du BOIS Ancestry

YOUR Du BOIS ANCESTORS: Descendants of Jacques and Pierrone Du BOIS

The Du Bois family of New York, are descendants of Chretien DuBois(b.ca 1590) and his wife Francoise le Poivre.

He was a prosperous middle class linen merchant and devout protestant from the village of Wicres, outside of Lille, in northern France.. Chretien was the father of seven children:Francois(b.1622), Anne(b.1624), Louis (b.1626-d.1696), Jacques (b.1628-d.1676), Antoine, Philippe and Toussaint.

The history of from where they came has been recorded in the “American Descendants of Chretien Du BOIS” published by the Huguenot Society of New Paltz

Our Descendant, Chretien, came from WICRES, a small town in Normandy near Lillie and part of City of Artois. This area was under the control of Spain until 1659 when it was handed over to the French. The King of France was Louis XVII who had strong beliefs that France should be Catholic and non Catholics should not be tolerated. This lead Louis XIV in 1685 to revoke the Edict of Nantes. This was drawn up in 1598 after brutal religious wars between the two sides and allowed the Protestant Huguenots to be tolerated. This was a reason why Chretien’s son, Jacques, a Huguenot needed to leave Flanders in 1675. He settled along with many other Huguenots in Leyden, Netherlands which was accepting of them. In fact he was married in a Walloon church in Leyden. DUTCH must have become his language soon after his move.

The Reformation, was a movement started by Martin Luther in 1517 in opposition to the Liturgy of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church. The French Huguenot movement started in the mid 1500’s mostly influenced by the writings of John CALVIN. The 1500’s were not a pleasant time. With developing religious conflicts many wars were fought over our Christian religious beliefs and systems of worship in England, France, Netherlands, Spain and Germany.

The 1600’s were also a time of instability and change among power of the European countries. England which was weak became stronger under Henry IV and Queen Elizabeth, Spain which was strong under King Phillip became weaker with destruction of its Armada and attempt to invade England in 1588. France under King Louis XIV became stronger and Catholic and reversed its position on toleration of the Presbyterian Huguenots in 1685. The Netherlands became free of Spanish control, and independent.

The mid 1500’s and mid 1600’s was also the period of exploration and discovery by the European powers of the “New World”. In 1492 Columbus, an Italian but under the command of the Spanish Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand sailed the ocean blue in an attempt to get to Asia. After this there was continued Spanish exploration and control of Central and South America by several explorers including Vasco Nunez de Balboa, Francisco Pizarro, Juan Ponce de Leon, and Hernan Cortes. This included part of what would become the United States (Florida, California, and Texas). This Spanish exploration returned tremendous riches from the Gold and Silver it was able to bring back to the King Phillip. The English with John Cabot explored and claimed the area from Nova Scotia to Maine and Massachusetts. They also were controlling many of the Islands in the Caribbean area. The French were exploring Eastern Canada and fur trade. The Dutch were settling the New York area, Brooklyn, Manhattan, and up the Hudson. It was the start of the migration of Pilgrims from England to New England looking for religious freedom.. In 1620 the Mayflower sailed from England and landed at Plymouth. After this many English Pilgrims came to the Boston area having left England (many sailed from Leydon.)..

All this was occurring as Jacques Du BOIS made his way from Wicres, in Normandy in 1660 to Leyden, Holland, and then to Kingston, New York in 1675 and settled there as a Dutch immigrant with his wife and children. He did not join his older brother, Louis, who had emigrated earlier from Germany and settled as one of the founders of New Paltz.

The seventh child of Jacques and Pierrone Du BOIS was PIERRE (Peter) Du BOIS (1674-1738)
He was one year old when the family immigrated from Leyden Netherlands in 1675 to Kingston, NY. About 1707 Pierre, now 33, moved to Fishkill, NY which became his home. He married Jannetje BURHANS also of Fishkill and they had nine children.

Peter DuBois (born 1674), was a founder of two churches at Poughkeepsie and Fishkill, NY and for more than 20 years, his name appears as a prominent ruler of both. He also founded a Union of Churches that continued until 1772. He built a stone house which still stands, 3 ½ miles from the village of Fishkill on the west side of Sprout Creek. It was a mansion in its time, with a wide hall, sitting room, parlor, and bedrooms in the main part. The large kitchen, with mammoth fireplace, and rooms for the colored servants were in the wings. This Peter DuBois, born in 1674 and believed to be a direct forefather of our family, died January 22, 1737 at age 63 years. In 1714 his name is registered in the list of inhabitants of Duchess County. His tombstone is still to be seen in the churchyard of the Dutch Reformed Church at Fishkill village with a Dutch inscription of his birth and death. “This Dutch inscription is to even remind his descendants that he claimed Holland, under whose protection he was born, as his fatherland. The sons of Huguenots have no portion in the lands of their forefathers, and no right of inheritance in France. Driven from her soil, they took away with them nothing but their selves..

JOHATHEN Du BOIS was the fifth child of Peter and Jannetje Du Bois and was born in Kingston, N.Y. in 1704. He married Ariantje OUSTERHOUT and settled on land inherited from his father, east of Sprout’s creek, near Wappinger Falls, N.Y. He apparently farmed this property (464 acres!) and died “respected and esteemed.”. He and is wife produced eight children.

 PETRUS (Peter) Du BOIS was the first child of Johnathen and Ariantje Du Bois. He was born in 1734 in Kingston and married Maria Van VOORHIS. He inherited land from his wife’s father and farmed the land during his life. He died at age 39 from an accident when he was thrown from a horse.. Petrus and Maria had five children.
Two years after his death, his widow, Maria remarried Dr.Theodorus Van WYCK. Her sister, Barbara Van VOORHIS had married Richard Van WYCK, a first cousin of Theodorus who was an ancestor of Maria Louise Dixon Du Bois my mother. Theodorus became the stepfather of Maria’s children.

Theodorus Van Wyck’s father in law was Col. John Brinckerhoff He Lived in the old stone house down the lane at Swartoutville._ _. A promiment citizen of the colonies prior to the Revolution. He joined the American Army. A soldier & a patriot. He was the intimate friend of General Washington. His confidential adviser during the dark days of the War for Independence. His home was the head‑quarters of Gen Washington. Who spent a night & day there in secret correspondence with Comt_ Rochambeau the French minister. The time of the anxiety respecting the arrest of Major Andre. As soon as the darkness of the second night shielded them from observation; they departed upon horses. Through the Highlands. in time to arrest the ‑‑British Spy The Brinckerhoff house erected 1738. Remains unaltered. At Swartoutville._”

Dr. Doros Van Wyck made it his home with his father-in-law, Co., John Brinckerhoff. During the Revolution, it was occupied jointly with the Jay family. It was in this house that Peter Jay and his wife Mary Van Cortland stayed early in the Revolution to escape the dangers in Rye. Mary died here and was buried in the Vault of Gysbert Schenk.

Fishkill played an important role during the Revolution. The Van Wyck House stood in the center of the Fishkill supply depot, which occupied a crucial pass on the road between New England and the rest of the colonies. The 4th New York Provincial Congress, driven from White Plains in August 1776, met first in Trinity Episcopal Church. When the delegates complained of birds flying in and out of the glass-less windows, and of the lack of pews and other comforts, they moved down the street to the Fishkill Reformed Church. Part of the New York Constitution was written here, though some suggest that it may have actually been written across the street in Connors Tavern (where Ketcham Motors is now located), which offered tables, heat, and tankards of inspiration.
Among the delegates were John Jay and Robert Livingston, who helped draft the Declaration of Independence. The renamed New York Provincial Convention moved to Kingston in February, 1777, and Fishkill’s brief role as the capital of New York ended.” Later during the Revolution, the church was used as a prison by the Continental Army. Enoch Crosby, an American spy, was allowed to escape by orders of the Committee of Safety and General Washington.”

 CORNELIUS Du BOIS was the youngest child of Petrus and Maria. His father was killed in a horse accident in 1773 when Cornelius was two years old. He was brought up by his mother and step father. He did not get along with his stepfather Theodorus Van WYCK.. In 1784, his mother arranged for him to leave home and gave him money that she had earned from the sale of her fathers property. He moved to New York City and first learned the printing trade. He entered the merchandize business and worked in the firm of Sebring and Van Wyck until age 22, he established his own business with Isaac Kip and ran a wholesale grocery and commission business that profited. He married Sarah Platt OGDEN in 1803, and they had nine children, of whom five lived to adulthood. He lived 75 years. He is buried in the Marble Cemetery in New York

Cornelius Dubois (son of Peter Dubois and Maria Van Voorhis)284 was born May 20, 1771, and died September 8, 1846 in Saratoga Springs, New York. He married Sarah Platt Ogden on April 11, 1803, daughter of Robert Ogden III and Sarah Platt.: Cornelius DuBois was one of the founders and earliest supporters of various benevolent Institutions in New York City. Such as the “House of Refuge for Juvenile Delinquents,” of which he was the Treasurer, to the time of his death. The “Bank of Savings for the benefit of the poor,” of which he was the Director. The “Humane Society,” of which, in 1840, he was the only surviving member. As Treasurer he obtained an act of the Legislature, authorizing him to distribute the funds which had accumulated in his hands among various Charitable Institutions. He was one of the founders of the University of New York, Govenor of the New York Hospital, et  al

     

SARAH PLATT OGDEN (1782-1836) was the fifth child of Sarah Platt and Robert Ogden (1746-1826), a lawyer who worked in New Jersey and New York, and served as quartermaster during the Revolutionary War. She had four siblings: Robert (1775-1857), Mary (1778-1852), Elizabeth, and Jeremiah. In 1803, Sarah married a prominent merchant and philanthropist named CORNELIUS Du BOIS (1771-1846). They had five children: Mary Elizabeth (b. 1805), Henry Augustus (1808-1884), Cornelius (1810-1882), Sarah Platt (1813-1897), and George Washington (1822-1910)

Cornelius was the first generation of our Du BOIS family to live away from the Fishkill area and he settled in New York City. He was also the first generation after the Revolutionary War and the establishment of the United States.

Cornelius and Sarah had five children

The oldest was MARY ELIZABETH (1805-1881) who married Francis C POTTER. He died soon after they were married and she married Edward Sherman GOULD. They had two children.

2065. Mary E. Dubois  b. Aug. 3, 1805; d. ;istm. 1827, Francis C. Potter, b. ;d. 1829; 2d m. June 17, 1833, Edward S. Gould, b.May 11, 1805; d. Feb. 21, 1885; son of Judge James Gould and Sally McCurdy Tracy, his wife, of Litchfield, Conn.  CHILD—First Marriage (Chart 30): 3425. Cornelius Dubois Potter, b. 1828; d. 1829.

CHILDREN—Second Marriage (Chart 30): 3426. Sarah Gould, b. Apr. 20, 1834; d. 1867.  3427. Edward Sherman Gould, b. Aug. 13, 1837; m. Sept. 23, 1868, Arabella Duncan Ludlow, b. 1844; dau. of Dr. Edward Greenleaf Ludlow and Mary Kennedy Lewis, his wife.   He is a civil engineer in the employment of the Spanish Government. They have 4 children.

Bio author: The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans: Volume IV Johnson, Rossiter, ed. Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable  Americans, – Vol. I-X (10). Boston, MA: The Biographical Society, 1904.  GOULD, Edward Sherman, author, was born in Litchfield, Conn., May 11, 1808; son of Judge James Gould. He removed to New York city and engaged in literary work, contributing to the Knickerbocker Magazine; to the Literary World; to the Mirror; to Charles King’s America, under the pen name of “Cassio “; and to several other periodicals. In 1836 he delivered a lecture before the NewYork mercantile library association, entitled, “American Criticism of American Literature.” In addition to translations from Dumas, Dupré Balzac,Victor Hugo, and A. Royer, he published: The Sleep Rider; or, the Old Boy in the Omnibus, by the Man in the Claret-colored Coat (1842); an Abridgement of Alison’s History of Europe (1843); a comedy The Very Age (1850); John Doe and Richard Roe (1862); Good English, or Popular Errors in Language (1867);Classical Elocution (1867); and a Supplement to Duyckinck’s History of the New World (1871). He died in New York city, Feb. 21, 1885.

The second child was HENRY AUGUSTUS who married Catharine Helena JAY.  HENRY AUGUSTUS Du BOIS was the second child of Cornelius and Sarah Ogden Du Bois. He was educated in Paris and then went to College of Physicians and Surgeons for his M.D. He returned to France to study medicine and then returned to New York in 1834 a year before he was married to CATHARINE HELENA JAY, the granddaughter of John Jay. He practiced in New York until 1840, and because of poor health retired. His father obtained land between the banks of the Mahoning River in Ohio which he gave to his son, Henry.

From 1840 to 1854 Henry and Catharine lived in the new community, Newton Falls, Ohio.  During this time Henry became president of the Virginia Channel Coal Co. They moved back to New Haven in 1854, where he lived until he died at age 76. After their return to New Haven in 1854, it was the time of the horrible Civil War in the United States (1861-1864) This threatened to split the country apart and resulted in so many deaths and disabilities of the young men of the North and the South. Henry and Catharine’s two oldest two sons were caught in this: Cornelius was severely wounded during the second day of Gettysburg and saved by his brother, Henry.

Henry Augustus Dubois, M.D. (Sarah P. Ogden885, Robert310, Robert83, Robert16, Jonathan4, John1), b. New York City, Aug. 9, 1808; d. New Haven,Conn., Jan. 13, 1884; m. Dec. 13, 1835, Catharine Helena Jay, b. June 11, 1815; d. Sept. 29, 1889; dau. of Peter A. Jay and Mary Clarkson, his wife. Dr. Henry A. DuBois”06 7 “in 1817 entered French Mil. Academy of Louis Baucel, a royal refugee of the French Rev.; 1823 entered Columbia College; 1827 graduated; Oct. 23, 1830, grad. M.D. College of Physicians and Surgeons, N. Y. Sept. 1831, went to Europe to complete his studies, returning in 1834. While in Paris was made member of the Polish Committee, which met weekly at the home of Lafayette. Attended funeral of Lafayette, following with other Americans next to the body. Apr. 9, 1834, was elected in Paris member of Geological Society of France. In 1835 appointed first in list of Physicians to New York Dispensary. * * Jan., 1852, he became President of Va. Canal Co. at Kanawha; July 28, 1864, received from Yale College degree of LL.D. in which he is signalized as one “qui de fide Christiana defendenda bene mentus sit1 for his reply to the English Essayists and for his refutation of the scientific infidelity of Darwin and Huxley. In 1869 went to France, Italy, and Malta for recovery of his health, impaired by four years1 incessant labor and hardship at Kanawha; July 5. 1870, returned to his home in New Haven, where he d. 1884.

 CATHARINE HELENA JAY, was the third daughter of Peter Augustus Jay and Mary Rutherford Clarkson. She was the granddaughter of John Jay and Sarah Livingston. She was the fourth generation since the original settler, Auguste, a Huguenot came to Charleston, S.C. in 1690 escaping the religous persecution in France. The couple had six children, two of whom were active in the War between the States. She died at age 74 crippled with arthritis in New Haven, Ct.

The third child was CORNELIUS (1810-1882) He married Mary Ann DELAFIELD and they had four children that survived infancy.

Born April 4, 1810 Died: May 5, 1882 Later Residences: West New-Brighton, Staten Island, NY Marriage(s): Mary Ann Delafield Dubois (6 Nov 1832) Biographical Notes: Cornelius Dubois was the son of the successful merchant and tobacco agent Cornelius Dubois and his wife Sarah Platt Ogden. Dubois was one of five children and received his early education at Louis Baucel’s French Boarding School. He graduated from Columbia in 1828 and after attending the Litchfield Law School in 1830 and after being admitted to the bar in New York City in 1833, he became the partner of Edgar Van Winkle for four years. Due to his father’s desire for him to join his tobacco agency so he could soon retire, Dubois gave up his legal practice in 1836 and joined his father’s mercantile firm. When his father retired in 1840, he and his father’s business partner, Issac A. Storm formed a new partnership. Dubois would later take a new partner and the firm became knowns as Dubois and Vandervoot. … [more]Quotes: On October 28, 1830 wrote to to Edgar Van Winkle about “an exhibition of the young ladies’ Seminary in this place” where “there were several very handsome and interesting young demoiselles.” “I understand from Mrs. Reeves that all the marriageable young ladies have been married off, and that there is at present nothing but young fry in town, consequently that it will not be as gay as usual. The young ladies, she tells me, all marry law students, but it will take two or three years for the young crop to become fit for the harvest, you need apprehend no danger of my throwing up my bachlorship [sic].”

Mary Ann Delafield DuBois. Even her start in life was a little unusual. Her American father, banker John Delafield, and English mother, Mary Roberts, were in London during the war of 1812. When she was born there in 1813, her patriotic father held the Stars and Stripes over the bed so that his daughter would always be able to say that she was born under the American flag. Moving with her family to the US, she had a conventional upbringing in New York City and at the Litchfield Female Academy. On her 19th birthday she married attorney Cornelius DuBois, son of a grocery and tobacco wholesaler. Just a few years later, the Panic of 1837 struck and young Mrs. DuBois began to show her true colors. Seeing that the number of homeless was growing, she appealed to her father-in-law to house some of the men in his empty tobacco warehouses. She had her way. Later, a former housemaid appeared at the door, distraught. She was pregnant and had no one to turn to. Though there were a few homes for poor or unwed mothers run by churches, she was somehow of the wrong denomination. Could Mrs. DuBois help her? – yes. The result became the Nursery and Child’s Hospital. Mary Ann funded it at first with her own and her husband’s money. When that wasn’t enough, she appealed to her friends. To widen the circle of donors even further, she began to hold charity balls, perhaps the first of their kind. After trips to Albany, the NY State legislature helped out. Nursery and Child’s Hospital flourished. It grew and moved and merged until in 1934 it became part of what is today NY-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center. Amazingly, with a very large family and her outside projects, Mary Ann still had time to become an accomplished sculptress and be elected a member of the National Academy of Design. The cameo above is a self portrait. All of this was accomplished with a severe speech deficit which may have been a manifestation of neurasthenia. She is buried, along with her husband and four children who died young, in Vault 54 of the New York Marble Cemetery

The fourth child was SARAH PLATT (1813-1897) who married Dr Alfred WAGSTAFF. By the early 1800’s, several wealthy New York City residents began to build summer estates in West Islip.

One of those men was Dr. Alfred Wagstaff, who was born in New York City in 1804. His father, David Wagstaff, was an English immigrant who made a fortune as a notable merchant. After attending Columbia College Medical School, Dr. Wagstaff started his own practice in New York City. He also traveled extensively throughout Europe and managed the finances of his privileged family. By 1859, Wagstaff had purchased a large portion of West Islip land on both sides of what is now Montauk Highway (at that time it was South Country Road). The land was alongside a pond -which formed Willets Creek-so when he built his summer estate he named it Tahlulah, an Indian word for “leaping water.” Wagstaff was the largest landowner on Long Island until the Vanderbilts arrived 20 years later. His land stretched from the creek all the way to where Howell’s Road is today. He moved to West Islip permanently in 1870 and spent his days fishing with his family, riding one of his horses or at the newly opened South Side Sportsmen’s Club in Islip until his death in 1878. His family continued to reside in West Islip. Wagstaff left behind his wife Sarah Platt Dubois, and their four children: Sarah, Alfred Jr., Cornelius and Mary. Eventually, all of the children had homes built on the Wagstaff land. Alfred Jr. and his wife, Mary A. Barnard, named their home Opekeepsing, the Indian word for “safe harbor,” which is where they raised four sons and a daughter, Mary, who was married at Tahlulah in 1914. Alfred Jr. was the most famous of the Wagstaff children. He was born in 1844 in New York City and was about to attend his father’s alma mater, Columbia, when the Civil War started. At just 19-years-old, he was commissioned as a Colonel in the NYS National Guard. In the next two years, he volunteered for service under the Federal flag, rising to Lieutenant Colonel, which led to his life long title as Col. Wagstaff. When the war ended, he completed both college and law school at Columbia. Even though he went on to become a partner in the New York City based firm of North, Ward and Wagstaff, he also pursued politics. He served as New York State Assemblymen in Manhattan from 1867-1873, then Senator from 1876-1878. He also served as Clerk of the Appellate Division of the New York Supreme Court while also serving as president of the S.P.C.A until his death in 1921.

Their youngest and fifth child was GEORGE WASHINGTON. His mother had chosen the names for the first four children, and his father, Cornelius, wished to name the fifth. He was told by his wife that he was to pick three biblical names and one other and she would choose from the four. He chose Shadrack, Mischack, and Abednigo and George Washington!!

George Washington DuBois (1821-1910), youngest son of Cornelius DuBois (1771-1846), attended Princeton and graduated from New York University in 1843. He attended the Episcopal Theological Seminary at Gambier, Ohio, and in 1846 became a deacon. In 1847, he was ordained a priest of the Episcopal Church, and later that year traveled extensively, ministering to parishes in Ohio, Minnesota, Iowa, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New York. During the Civil War, DuBois served as chaplain to the 11th Ohio Infantry Regiment. DuBois married Maria “Mamy” Coxe McIlvaine; they had eight children, including daughter Mary Cornelia DuBois (1864-1920). In 1885, Reverend DuBois built a small chapel named Felsenheim in Keene, New York.

Of interest is that he was the chaplain to the small church in Newton Falls, Ohio when his brother Henry was living there. Henry was one of the people responsible for building the church.

DESCENDANTS OF: HENRY AUGUSTUS Du BOIS married CATHARINE HELENA JAY

Catharine Helena JAY’s Grandfather of course had been very much involved in the Colonies separation from England and the development of our Democracy. JOHN JAY had married Sarah LIVINGSTON, a daughter of the then Governor of New Jersey. He was one of the early patriots and revolutionary founders of this country. During the Revolution he had been sent to Spain to try and negotiate support from the wealthy Spanish crown, then had gone to Paris to negotiate with Benjamin Franklin and Henry Laurens the peace treaty with the English, had return, been made Chief Justice of the new court by George Washington and then negotiated another unpopular treaty with England, and ended as Governor of New York and worked to pass the ratification of the new Constitution while Governor.
Their oldest son, Peter Augustus Jay, who married Mary Rutherfurd Clarkson, became a successful lawyer in New York City. They had eight children, four daughters of whom Catharine was the third. Peter Augustus Jay (January 24, 1776 – February 22, 1843) was the eldest son of New York’s only native Founding Father, John Jay. Peter was one of 6 children born to John Jay and Sarah Livingston Jay, and one of 2 boys (brother William was born in 1789) with 4 sisters: Susan (born and died in 1780); Maria (b. 1782), Ann (b. 1783) and Sarah Louisa (b. 1792)

Peter Augustus Jay was born at “Liberty Hall,” in 1776, at the home of his grandparents’, the Livingstons, in Elizabethtown, New Jersey. Like his father, he graduated from King’s College, the precursor of Columbia University. Notably following his graduation in 1794, Peter Augustus acted as private secretary to his father in London for the Jay Treaty.[1] The young Jay studied law and established a practice in New York City with his cousin Peter Jay Munro, carrying on a family tradition of public service. He married Mary Rutherfurd Clarkson, daughter of General Matthew Clarkson, in 1807 [2 ][3 ] and they had 8 children. From 1812 – 1817, Peter Augustus Jay helped found the Bank for Savings (thereby contributing to the establishment of the New York State savings bank system). As a Federalist, he was a member from New York City of the New York State Assembly in 1816, during which time he was active in arranging the financing for the construction of the Erie Canal. He ran many times for Congress, but was always defeated by the Democratic-Republican candidates. From 1819 to 1821, he was Recorder of New York City. He was a delegate from Westchester Co. to the New York State Constitutional Convention of 1821. He helped found the New York Law Institute in 1828, which today is the oldest law library in New York City. Jay was President of New York Hospital (1827-1833), Chairman of the Board of Trustees, King’s College and President of the New York Historical Society (1840-1842). [4] For a time he was also a Westchester County Judge.[5]

The Rye House: Under his father’s aegis, Peter Augustus installed European styled stone ha-has on the property and planted elm trees. His father John Jay died in 1829. In 1836, Peter Augustus contracted with a builder, Edwin Bishop, to take down the failing farmhouse that had been barraged by the British during the Revolutionary War. Reusing structural elements from “The Locusts” where his father grew up as a boy, Peter Augustus Jay helped create the Greek Revivalmansion that stands there today. Unfortunately his wife Mary would not live to see the house completed, as she died in Madeira on December 24, 1838. Peter Augustus Jay died in 1843 and the Rye house passed to his son, John Clarkson Jay.[8

Mary Rutherford CLARKSON’s father, Matthew Clarkson (October 17, 1758 – April 25, 1825) was an American Revolutionary War soldier and a politician in New York State. The town of Clarkson in Western New York was named after him. He was a great uncle of Thomas S. Clarkson, a member of the family who founded Clarkson University. Matthew Clarkson was born October 17, 1758 in New York to David and Elizabeth Clarkson. He was the great-great-grandson of Reverend David Clarkson (1622–1686), a notable Puritan clergyman in Yorkshire, England, whose sermons included “The Doctrine of Justification is Dangerously Corrupted by the Roman Church.” His great-grandfather was Matthew Clarkson who came to New York from England in 1690 as Secretary of the Province. He married Mary Rutherford on May 24, 1785, and Sarah Cornell on February 14, 1792. Clarkson died April 25, 1825.

He served in the Revolutionary War, first on Long Island, subsequently under Benedict Arnold. He was at Saratoga and, later, on the staff of General Benjamin Lincoln, was present at the surrender of Burgoyne at Savannah (1779) and at the defense of Charleston (1780). He was also present at the surrender of Cornwallis. After the war, Clarkson was commissioned brigadier general of militia of Kings and Queens Counties in June 1786 and Major General of the Southern District of New York in March 1798. [edit]Political service When the war ended, Lincoln became Secretary of War and Clarkson became his assistant. He served as a member of the New York State Assembly for one term (1789–1790) and introduced a bill for the gradual abolition of slavery in the State. As a Regent of the University of the State of New York he was presented at the court of French King Louis XVI. He served as U.S. Marshal (1791–1792), State Senator 1794-1795, a member of the commission to build a new prison 1796-1797 and President of the New York (City) Hospital (1799). In 1802, Clarkson was the Federalist candidate for U.S. Senator from New York but was defeated by DeWitt Clinton. He was President of the Bank of New York from 1804 until his death in 1825. [edit]Town of Clarkson On April 2, 1819, the town of Clarkson was established by the New York State Legislature and named in honor of General Clarkson. Although there is no evidence that he ever lived in Western New York, he reportedly owned a sizable amount of land there, and he gave 100 acres (405,000 m²) to the town
.

Children of Henry Augustus Du BOIS and Catharine Helena JAY
1. Col. Cornelius Jay DuBois, M.D., b. N. Y. City, Aug. 31, 1836; d. New Haven, Conn., Feb. 11, 1880
2. Peter A. Jay DuBois, b. Madiera, Spain Feb. 23, 1839; d. June 3, 1839. 3430.
3. Major Henry A. DuBois, Jr., M.D., b NY City. June 26, 1840; m. Emily M. Blois. He was Surgeon in regular army, and served in Civil War. They had 4 children.
4. John Jay Dubois, b.Newton Falls, June 6, 1846; d. Nov. 11, 1898. 3432.
5. Augustus Jay DuBois, b. Newton Falls Apr. 22, 1849; m. Adeline Blakeslee.
6. Alfred Wagstaff Dubois, b. Newton Falls Dec. 30, 1852. d. 17 May 1900 m Anna M Lictenberg
7. Mary Rutherford Dubois, b.NY City May 22, 1854. d Nov 6, 1919
8. Robert Ogden Dubois, b New Haven CT Jan. 19, 1860; d. Mar. 9, 1895; m. ■, Alice Mason. They had three children

CORNELIUS JAY Du BOIS

Col. Cornelius Jay DuBois, M.D., b. N. Y. City, Aug. 31, 1836; d. New Haven, Conn., Feb. 11, 1880. Grad. Columbia Law School in 1861; on outbreak of Civil War went to Washington with 7th Reg1t; recruited Co. D. 27th Conn. Vols, at New Haven and was made Capt.; served under Gen. Hancock in Zooks1s Brigade at Aquia Creek, Falmouth, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville; was severely wounded at Gettysburg, July 2, 1863; rescued by brother, Dr. Henry A. DuBois3430, Ass1t Surgeon reg. army, but never fully recovered from wound; Gen. Hancock testified to his father there was never a more gallant charge, and Col. Brook said there never was a more gallant soldier in the army than Capt. DuBois. After partial recovery he became Adjutant of 20th Conn. Vols., and served under Hooker and Sherman in Georgia; in battle of Resaca, he seized colors from wounded bearer and planted them on summit of enemy1s position; brevetted Major by Pres. U. S. for bravery at Gettysburg, and Lieut. Col. for gallantry at Resaca; July, 1866, received degree of M.D. at Yale Medical College, and went abroad for health; on return spent balance of life at New Haven, bearing his sufferings with the same courage displayed in military action.

HENRY AUGUSTUS Du BOIS married EMILY M BLOIS

Their second son, Henry after the CivilWar, served with Indian Service in New Mexico. He moved to Mann County in California about 1868. Two of his brothers lived with in for a time. He was married to Emily Blois in 1880. They had four children .

BioYale: . Henry Augustus DuBois, M.D., b. at the residence of his g. f. DuBois, n. w. cor. Broadway and 8th street, June 26, 1840 ; Yale B.P., 1859; April 25, 1861, he joined the 12th Regiment of N.Y.S.N.G. as Hospital Steward, in a few weeks was examined for Asst. Surgeon, U.S.A., and passed No. 3 out of 40 applicants; Aug. 28, 186 1, was under Dr. Abadie in the Columbian Hospital, Washington, but was soon put in full charge. He served in the 6th U. S. Cavalry as Inspector of Cavalry ; May, 1862, Asst, Med. Director of the Army of the Potomac, subsequently Medical In-spector of the Artillery Reserve under Gen. Hunt ; was at the H of Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, etc., in all about 40 battles ; 1864, Inspector of Hospitals at headquarters of the Army of the Potomac ; in June, 1864, on Gen. Sheridan’s staff; Aug., 1864, appointed Asst. Med. Director of the Middle MilitaryDivision of Va., on Sheridan’s staff, and was with him in all his battles, and present at Lee’s surrender ; brevetted by the President Captain, and subsequently Brevet Major. In 1865, took charge of the U. S. Laboratory in Phil. ; May, 1866, sent to Fort Union, New Mexico ; resigned Feb. 21, 1868, and is now practising medicine in San Rafael, Cal., where he has founded a cemetery (Temaulpas), of which he is Comptroller ; delivered in Yale Medical Coll., April, i860, a course of lectures on Toxicology. Confirmed by Bishop Williams, in St. Paul’s, New Haven; m. in 5th Avenue Church, by Rev. John Hall, D.D., Dec. i, 1880, Emily, dau. of Hannah MariaFerris (dau. of Miss Schieffelin, who was dau. of Hannah Lawrence and Schieffelin), and Samuel Blois, M.D. i child.

The following article was written by Marilyn L Geary and published in the SanRafael paper. “DR Henry Augustus DuBois, Jr. settled in San Rafael in 1869 after serving as a surgeon in the Civil War and in the Indian Wars of New Mexico. Born to a wealthy East Coast family, Yale-educated Dr. DuBois was a great-grandson of John Jay, the first Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court and a president of the Continental Congress. In his memoirs, William Kent described DuBois as “a New Englander and a straight-laced and proper citizen. He was educated, skillful and much esteemed.” Chickahominy Fever Dr. DuBois may have been lured to San Rafael by its healthy climate. In the California Medical Society’s journal, Dr. DuBois recommended San Rafael as ideal for a “sanitarium for chronic diseases.” During the Civil War, DuBois had contracted Chickahominy fever, a camp fever with symptoms of typhoid and malaria named for the mosquito-ridden swamps of the Chickahominy River in Virginia. The 1870 Census shows Dr. DuBois residing with 40-year-old Dr. Alfred Taliaferro, the first physician to practice in Marin. They lived in San Rafael Village with a 23-year old Chinese servant named Ah Poy. Dr. DuBois subsequently purchased land west of San Rafael at the end of today’s Fifth Street in what was called Forbes Valley. His land was far removed from town and included a section of Red Hill. Burials Prohibited When Dr. DuBois arrived in San Rafael, the town was growing fast, and the cemetery at St. Paul’s Episcopal Churchyard, Fourth and E Streets, could not keep up. In 1876, two years after San Rafael incorporated, town trustee Dr. Taliaferro proposed and got passed an ordinance prohibiting burials within San Rafael’s town limits. On Sept. 14, 1876, theMarin County Journal reported on a town meeting held to determine where to locate a new cemetery: “Nearly all the money and land kings were present.” Among several bids, Dr. DuBois offered a portion of his ranch for $13,000. The town trustees took no action, and the law to prohibit burials in town limits was rescinded. It was deemed “better to double up in the old yard than keep the dead above ground.” A Committee of One Not one to dawdle, by June 1878 Dr. DuBois had 40 men working on 113 acres of his land to build the new cemetery. He later stated, “I organized myself a committee of one.” He put enormous funds and energies into the venture, planting myrtle and ivy by the wagonload, laying out miles of roadways, setting out 2,000 trees and thousands of flowers. In September the Marin Journal reported that Dr. DuBois was doing a great amount of work. Schooners came up San Rafael Creek to First and C streets with loads of urns, fountains, sample monuments, granite walls and fences. DuBois had drawn up plans for a bell tower and an artesian well 2,000 feet deep. In December 1879 the Marin Journal reported that Dr. DuBois had toured 42 cemeteries in the East to collect drawings, photos, maps, statistics on water supply and other cemetery best practices. DuBois’ Folly In the late 1800s cemeteries were designed as parks for picnics and Sunday outings. DuBois expected that the cemetery would be a favorite destination and built miles of access roads. As he owned a portion of Red Hill, he hired Chinese laborers to build a zig-zag road up its heights to provide access from San Anselmo. Too steep for horse and buggy, the project gained the label “.” The Mt. Tamalpais Cemetery was dedicated in August 1879. It eventually served some of San Rafael’s most prominent families, including the Dollars and the Boyds. DuBois’ horizons, however, stretched beyond Marin. In January 1880 Dr. DuBois wrote in the Marin County Journal: “It is believed that, with the example of New York City, many burials from San Francisco will take place here…Objections [are] that San Francisco funerals must come on the boat and pass through town, but the midday, little-used boat will be used and funerals can pass on streets with few houses. Friends prophesy I will be ruined…I have been ruined so frequently – at least my friends have so prophesied – that I don’t mind it a bit.” Dr. DuBois built a number of artificial lakes at the cemetery. In 1881, reporting that the carp had multiplied from 11 to over 750, he suggested, “Carp raising would be a good industry here.”San Rafael in Denver? In 1874 Dr. DuBois platted a development in Denver, Colorado, which he named San Rafael for his California home. He expanded this subdivision in 1882 and 1886 as demand increased for more lots.The area, located 8 blocks northeast of downtown Denver, is now a heritage district on the National Register of Historic Places. An early advertisement described it as “beautifully located overlooking the city with a glorious view of the mountains.” Despite his activities in Denver, DuBois remained in San Rafael, Calif., where two of his siblings joined him. In 1880 he lived with his brother Alfred W. DuBois, a 28-year old Chinese servant Ah Jim and a 44-year-old servant Amelia Schuthris. Later that year, Dr. DuBois married Emily M. Blois, and they subsequently had four children. The Vaccine Farm : Building a cemetery, a residential neighborhood in a distant city, and a new family is more than enough to manage, but Dr. DuBois saw problems as opportunities. In the 1880s, vaccine panics often accompanied smallpox epidemics. Summer heat precluded transporting fresh vaccine from the East, and vaccine became scarce. The Pacific Coast Vaccine Farm didn’t last. Dr. DuBois died May 27, 1897 at age 55 of the typhoid fever he contracted in the Virginia swamps. Du Bois Street in San Rafael is named for another DuBois, but Dr. Henry A. DuBois Jr.’s legacy lives on in Mt. Tamalpais Cemetery and in Denver’s historic San Rafael district.”

 JOHN JAY Du BOIS

John Jay Du BOIS was a lawyer and lived part of his life in San Rafael, California with his brother Henry. He was unmarried

AUGUSTUS JAY Du BOISE married Adeline BLAKESLEE 

Augustus Jay Du BOIS married Adeline Blakeslee and lived in New Haven. He was the Professor of Civil Engineering at the Sheffield School of Engineering, part of Yale University. They had no children.

ALFRED WAGSTAFF DuBOIS married ANNA LICHTENBERG

Alfred Wagstaff Du BOIS married Anna Lichtenberg. He lived for a period with his brother Henry in California. He died in Paris of a “hemorrhage” at age 47.

MARY RUTHERFURD Du BOIS

Mary Rutherfurd Du BOIS was unmarried and lived and died in New Haven.

ROBERT OGDEN Du Bois married  ALICE MASON

The youngest child, Robert Ogden Du BOIS was born in new Haven in 1860 the time of the Civil War. He went to Yale and then Yale Medical School. He then moved to New York City and opened a medical practice specializing in ENT problems. In 1889 he married Alice Mason, the daughter of Rev Arthur Mason and from the family of Jonathan Mason from Boston. They had three children, Arthur, Helen and Robert. Unfortunately he had Rhumatic Fever as a child, developed heart disease and died of congestive heart failure when he was 36. His wife Alice died soon after. Their three children were brought up by their Mason Uncle, called Boompa!

Her father, Arthur Mason was born in Boston in 1837. He graduated from Trinity College. He studied in Geneva and returned to enter Berkley Divinity School in Middleton, Ct. He married Amelia Caroline Taylor, He was Rector of a number of churches in Mass, New Haven and New York City. He died at his home in New York City in 1907 and was buried in the Woodlawn Cemetery.

Her mother, Amelia Caroline Taylor was born in Cuba. Her father was a successful sugar Merchant there. He lived in Cuba until 1848 when they returned to Baltimore, Md. His father had also been active in sugar trade with Cuba and had been active in Baltimore political life. He was involved in the War of 1812. He also was one of the managers of a statue erected to honor George Washington in Baltimore

The couple had four children, a son and four daughters. Alexander T Mason, the oldest, became active in NY Politics and was the Republican Leader of the 29th Assembly District. The oldest daughter, Isabella married Mansel Van Rensselaer and they had four children, Bernard, Arthur, Maud and Alexander. The next oldest daughter, Alice married Robert Ogden Du Bois and they had three children, Arthur, Helen and Robert, The youngest daughters, ”Maud and Teddy” never married

Her grandfather, Jonathan Mason, Jr., of Boston, was a portrait and figure painter, student of Gilbert Stuart, friend or acquaintance of virtually every major American artist of the nineteenth century. His father Jonathan died in 1831. He himself was married to Isabella Weyman in Italy in 1834. The sculptor Horatio Greenough was one of the witnesses. They had six children: sons Charles, Arthur, Herbert, and Philip, and two daughters, Isabelle (who married Charles Hook Appleton) and another who married William Sturgis Hooper. Arthur became an ordained minister. Herbert and Philip served in the Union army during the Civil War; Philip died from wounds in July 1864 and was interred atMount Auburn Cemetery.

Her Great Grandfather was Senator Jonathen Mason who was born in Boston and graduated from Boston Latin School and Princeton University. He studied law and was admitted to the Mass bar in 1779. He served in the Mass House of Representatives and in the Senate from 1786 to 1800. In 1800 he was elected to the United States Senate where he served from 1800 to 1803. He then returned to the Mass Senate and returned to Washington as a member of the House from 1817 to 1820. He married Susannah Powell whose family had immigrated from Wales and were early settlers of Vermont. Senator Mason was a friend of Gilbert Stuart and urged him to move to Boston. Portraits of them done by Stuart hung in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston

The oldest son, my father, Arthur Mason Du BOIS, Birth Nov 4, 1890 in New York Death Dec 1979 in New York married my mother, MARIE LOUISE DIXON+*Birth 15 Dec 1895 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York, Death 03 JUL 1943 in Hewlett, Nassau, New York, They had two children. Both are buried in the Jay Cemetery. Married Cornelia Prime COSTER Birth 6 Feb 1901 in New York, New York, Death 11 Dec 1956 in New York,

M. LOUISE Dixon Du BOIS was active in the formation of the New York Junior League. She had an active interest in history and documented the genealogy of my ancestors. This is kept at the Jay Homestead in Rye and as part of their exhibition.